Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Related Party Transactions

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Related Party Transactions
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Related Party Transactions [Abstract]  
Related Party Transactions Related Party Transactions
On November 8, 2018, we entered into stock purchase agreements with certain investors pursuant to which we agreed to sell to such investors in private placements an aggregate of approximately 26.5 million shares of our Common Stock (the “Shares”) at a purchase price of $3.49 per share, which was the closing bid price of our Common Stock on the NASDAQ on such date, for an aggregate purchase price of $92.5 million. The investors in the private placements include an affiliate of Dr. Phillip Frost, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer ($70 million), and Dr. Jane Hsiao, our Vice Chairman and Chief Technical Officer ($2 million).
On November 8, 2018, we entered into a credit agreement with an affiliate of Dr. Frost, pursuant to which the lender committed to provide us with an unsecured line of credit in the amount of $60 million. Borrowings under the line of credit will bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum and may be repaid and reborrowed at any time. The credit agreement includes various customary remedies for the lender following an event of default, including the acceleration of repayment of outstanding amounts under line of credit. The line of credit matures on November 8, 2023. As of as of December 31, 2018, no funds were borrowed under the line of credit. We repaid amounts borrowed in 2019 and terminated the line of credit on or around February 20, 2019.
In February 2018, we issued the 2023 Convertible Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $55.0 million. Refer to Note 6. Purchasers of the 2023 Convertible Notes include Dr. Hsiao and an affiliate of Dr. Frost.
We hold investments in Zebra (ownership 29%), Neovasc (4%), ChromaDex Corporation (0%), MabVax (2%), COCP (9%), NIMS (1% ) and BioCardia (5%). These investments were considered related party transactions as a result of our executive management’s ownership interests and/or board representation in these entities. See further discussion of our investments in Note 4.
In February 2018, we invested an additional $1.0 million in COCP for a convertible note, which was converted into 538,544 shares of its common stock in May 2018. In April 2017, we invested an additional $1.0 million in COCP for 138,889 shares of its common stock, and in August 2016, we invested an additional $2.0 million in COCP for 162,602 shares of its common stock.
In November 2017, we invested an additional $3.0 million in Neovasc for 20,547 shares of its common stock, 20,547 Series A warrants, 20,547 Series B warrants and 8,221 Series C warrants, after adjusting for a 1-for-100 reverse stock split in 2018. In April 2018, we exercised our Series B warrants in a cashless exercise and received 1,069,090 shares of Neovasc common stock.
In July 2017, we invested an additional $0.1 million in MabVax for 50,714 shares of common stock and in May 2017, we invested an additional $0.5 million in MabVax for 1,667 shares of Series L Preferred Stock and 107,607 shares of Series I Preferred Stock. We had also invested an additional $1.0 million in MabVax in August 2016 for 69,300 shares of its common stock and warrants to purchase 138,600 shares of its common stock.
In October 2016, we entered into a consulting agreement to provide strategic advisory services to BioCardia. In connection with the consulting agreement, BioCardia granted us 418,977 common stock options, after adjusting for a 1-for-12 reverse stock split in 2017. In December 2016, we purchased 1,602,564 shares of BioCardia, after adjusting for the reverse stock split, from Dr. Frost for $2.5 million. We have also purchased shares of BioCardia in the open market. BioCardia is a
related party as a result of our executive management’s ownership interest and board representation in BioCardia and its predecessor, Tiger X Medical, Inc. In October 2016, BioCardia completed its merger with Tiger X Medical, Inc., to which Tiger X Medical, Inc. was the surviving entity and the name of the issuer was changed to BioCardia.
In November 2016, we entered into a Pledge Agreement with the Museum of Science, Inc. and the Museum of Science Endowment Fund, Inc. pursuant to which we will contribute an aggregate of $1.0 million over a four-year period for constructing, equipping and the general operation of the Frost Science Museum. Dr. Frost and Mr. Pfenniger serve on the Board of Trustees of the Frost Science Museum and Mr. Pfenniger is the Vice Chairman of the Board of Trustees.
We lease office space from Frost Real Estate Holdings, LLC (“Frost Holdings”) in Miami, Florida, where our principal executive offices are located. Effective January 1, 2017, we entered into an amendment to our lease agreement with Frost Holdings. The lease, as amended, is for approximately 29,500 square feet of space. The lease provides for payments of approximately $81 thousand per month in the first year increasing annually to $86 thousand per month in the third year, plus applicable sales tax. The rent is inclusive of operating expenses, property taxes and parking.
Our wholly-owned subsidiary, BioReference, purchases and uses certain products acquired from InCellDx, Inc., a company in which we hold a 29% minority interest.
We reimburse Dr. Frost for Company-related use by Dr. Frost and our other executives of an airplane owned by a company that is beneficially owned by Dr. Frost. We reimburse Dr. Frost for out-of-pocket operating costs for the use of the airplane by Dr. Frost or Company executives for Company-related business. We do not reimburse Dr. Frost for personal use of the airplane by Dr. Frost or any other executive. For the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, and 2016, we recognized approximately $238 thousand, $361 thousand, and $298 thousand, respectively, for Company-related travel by Dr. Frost and other OPKO executives.