Fair Value Measurements
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2013
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurements||
Fair Value Measurements
We record fair value at an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. We utilize a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.
A summary of our investments classified as available for sale, and carried at fair value, is as follows:
Any future fluctuation in fair value related to these instruments that is judged to be temporary, including any recoveries of previous write-downs, will be recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive income or loss. If we determine that any future valuation adjustment was other-than-temporary, we will record a loss during the period such determination is made.
As of December 31, 2013, we have money market funds that qualify as cash equivalents, forward contracts for inventory purchases (Refer to Note 19) and contingent consideration related to the acquisitions of CURNA, Inc. (“CURNA”), Claros Diagnostics, Inc. (“OPKO Diagnostics”), FineTech Pharmaceuticals, Ltd. (“FineTech”), Farmadiet, and Cytochroma that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. In addition, in connection with our investment and our consulting agreement with Neovasc, we record the related Neovasc options and warrants at fair value as well as the derivative instruments related to our transactions with Pharmsynthez.
Our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are as follows:
The carrying amount and estimated fair value of our long-term debt, as well as the applicable fair value hierarchy tiers, are contained in the table below. The fair value of the 2033 Senior Notes is determined using a binomial lattice approach in order to estimate the fair value of the embedded derivative in the 2033 Senior Notes. Refer to Note 6.
As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, the carrying value of our other assets and liabilities approximates their fair value due to their short-term nature.
The following tables reconcile the beginning and ending balances of our Level 3 assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2013 and 2012:
The estimated fair values of our financial instruments have been determined by using available market information and what we believe to be appropriate valuation methodologies. We use the following methods and assumptions in estimating fair value:
BZNE Notes and conversion feature - The stock market activity in BZNE does not represent an active market and as such, we determined the fair market value utilizing a business enterprise valuation approach in order to determine the fair value of our investment. The most significant assumptions are the projected revenue growth and operating income (loss). The impact of a change in any of our significant underlying assumptions +/-1% would not result in a materially different fair value. We converted the BZNE Notes into common stock in December 2013.
Contingent consideration – We estimate the fair value of the contingent consideration utilizing a discounted cash flow model for the expected payments based on estimated timing and expected revenues. We use several discount rates depending on each type of contingent consideration related to FineTech, OPKO Diagnostics, CURNA, Farmadiet and Cytochroma transactions. The discount rates used range from 6% to 27% and were based on the weighted average cost of capital for those businesses. If the discount rates were to increase by 1%, on each transaction, the contingent consideration would decrease by $1.7 million. If estimated future sales were to decrease by 10%, the contingent consideration related to CURNA, FineTech and Cytochroma would decrease by $0.7 million. As of December 31, 2013, of the $71.6 million of contingent consideration, $28.0 million is recorded in Accrued expenses and $43.6 million is recorded in Other long-term liabilities. As of December 31, 2012, of the $20.1 million of contingent consideration, $5.1 million is recorded in Accrued expenses and $15.0 million is recorded in Other long-term liabilities.
Deferred payments – We estimate the fair value of the deferred payments utilizing a discounted cash flow model for the expected payments.
Embedded conversion option – We estimate the fair value of the embedded conversion option related to the 2033 Senior Notes using a binomial lattice model. Refer to Note 6 for detail description of the binomial lattice model and the fair value assumptions used.
Pharmsynthez Note Receivable and Purchase Option - We determined the fair value of the Pharmsynthez Note Receivable and Purchase Option using a number of Black-Scholes scenarios simulating changes in Pharmsynthez’s common stock price.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef