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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015.
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     .
Commission file number 001-33528
 
OPKO Health, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
Delaware
 
75-2402409
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
4400 Biscayne Blvd.
Miami, FL 33137
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
 
(305) 575-4100
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    ý  YES    ¨  NO
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    ý  YES    ¨  NO
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company”
(in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
x
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):   ¨  YES    ý  NO
As of April 30, 2015, the registrant had 458,424,686 shares of Common Stock outstanding.

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
 
 
 
EX-31.1
Section 302 Certification of CEO
 
EX-31.2
Section 302 Certification of CFO
 
EX-32.1
Section 906 Certification of CEO
 
EX-32.2
Section 906 Certification of CFO
 
EX-101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
 
EX-101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
EX-101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
EX-101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
EX-101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
EX-101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document


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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements,” as that term is defined under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (“PSLRA”), Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements include statements about our expectations, beliefs or intentions regarding our product development efforts, business, financial condition, results of operations, strategies or prospects. You can identify forward-looking statements by the fact that these statements do not relate strictly to historical or current matters. Rather, forward-looking statements relate to anticipated or expected events, activities, trends or results as of the date they are made. Because forward-looking statements relate to matters that have not yet occurred, these statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Many factors could cause our actual activities or results to differ materially from the activities and results anticipated in forward-looking statements. These factors include those described below and in “Item 1A-Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, and described from time to time in our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Except as required by law, we do not undertake an obligation to update forward-looking statements. We intend that all forward-looking statements be subject to the safe-harbor provisions of the PSLRA. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and reflect our views as of the date they are made with respect to future events and financial performance.
Risks and uncertainties, the occurrence of which could adversely affect our business, include the following:
We have a history of operating losses and we do not expect to become profitable in the near future.
Our technologies are in an early stage of development and are unproven.
Our business is substantially dependent on our ability to develop, launch and generate revenue from our pharmaceutical and diagnostic programs.
Our research and development activities, or that of our investees, may not result in commercially viable products.
The timing and expenditures associated with the build-up of pre-launch inventory and capacity expansion.
The results of previous clinical trials may not be predictive of future results, and our current and planned clinical trials may not satisfy the requirements of the United States (“U.S.”) Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) or other non-U.S. regulatory authorities.
We may require substantial additional funding, which may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all.
We may finance future cash needs primarily through public or private offerings, debt financings or strategic collaborations, which may dilute your stockholdings in the Company.
If our competitors develop and market products that are more effective, safer or less expensive than our future product candidates, our commercial opportunities will be negatively impacted.
The regulatory approval process is expensive, time consuming and uncertain and may prevent us or our collaboration partners from obtaining approvals for the commercialization of some or all of our product candidates.
Failure to recruit and enroll patients for clinical trials may cause the development of our product candidates to be delayed.
Even if we obtain regulatory approvals for our product candidates, the terms of approvals and ongoing regulation of our products may limit how we manufacture and market our product candidates, which could materially impair our ability to generate anticipated revenues.
We may not meet regulatory quality standards applicable to our manufacturing and quality processes.
Even if we receive regulatory approval to market our product candidates, the market may not be receptive to our products.
The loss of Phillip Frost, M.D., our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, could have a material adverse effect on our business and product development.
If we fail to attract and retain key management and scientific personnel, we may be unable to successfully develop or commercialize our product candidates.
In the event that we successfully evolve from a company primarily involved in development to a company also involved in commercialization, we may encounter difficulties in managing our growth and expanding our operations successfully.

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If we fail to acquire and develop other products or product candidates, at all or on commercially reasonable terms, we may be unable to diversify or grow our business.
We have no experience manufacturing our pharmaceutical product candidates other than at one of our Israeli facilities, and at our Mexican and Spanish facilities, and we have no experience in manufacturing our diagnostic product candidates.  We will therefore likely rely on third parties to manufacture and supply our pharmaceutical and diagnostics product candidates, and we would need to meet various standards to satisfy FDA regulations in order to manufacture on our own.    
We currently have no pharmaceutical or diagnostic marketing, sales or distribution capabilities other than in Chile, Mexico, Spain, and Uruguay for sales in those countries and our active pharmaceutical ingredients (“APIs”) business in Israel, and the sales force for our laboratory business based in Nashville, Tennessee. If we are unable to develop our sales and marketing and distribution capability on our own or through collaborations with marketing partners, we will not be successful in commercializing our pharmaceutical and diagnostic product candidates.
Certain elements of our business are dependent on the success of ongoing and planned phase 3 clinical trials for Alpharen (Fermagate Tablets), and hGH-CTP.
Independent clinical investigators and contract research organizations that we engage to conduct our clinical trials may not be diligent, careful or timely.
The success of our business is dependent on the actions of our collaborative partners.
Our exclusive worldwide agreement with Pfizer Inc. (“Pfizer”) is important to our business. If we do not successfully develop hGH-CTP and/or Pfizer does not successfully commercialize hGH-CTP, our business could be adversely affected.
Our license agreement with TESARO, Inc. (“TESARO”) is important to our business. If TESARO does not successfully develop and commercialize rolapitant, our business could be adversely affected.
If we are unable to obtain and enforce patent protection for our products, our business could be materially harmed.
If we are unable to protect the confidentiality of our proprietary information and know-how, the value of our technology and products could be adversely affected.
We rely heavily on licenses from third parties.
We license patent rights to certain of our technology from third-party owners. If such owners do not properly maintain or enforce the patents underlying such licenses, our competitive position and business prospects will be harmed.
Our commercial success depends significantly on our ability to operate without infringing the patents and other proprietary rights of third parties.
Adverse results in material litigation matters or governmental inquiries could have a material adverse effect upon our business and financial condition.
If our products have undesirable effects on patients, we could be subject to litigation or product liability claims that could impair our reputation and have a material adverse effect upon our business and financial condition.
Medicare prescription drug coverage legislation and future legislative or regulatory reform of the health care system may adversely affect our ability to sell our products or provide our services profitably.
Failure to obtain and maintain regulatory approval outside the U.S. will prevent us from marketing our product candidates abroad.
We may not have the funding available to pursue acquisitions.
Acquisitions may disrupt our business, distract our management, may not proceed as planned, and may also increase the risk of potential third party claims and litigation.
We may encounter difficulties in integrating acquired businesses.
Non-U.S. governments often impose strict price controls, which may adversely affect our future profitability.
Political and economic instability in Europe and Latin America and political, economic, and military instability in Israel or neighboring countries could adversely impact our operations.

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We are subject to fluctuations in currency exchange rates in connection with our international businesses.
We have a large amount of goodwill and other intangible assets as a result of acquisitions and a significant write-down of goodwill and/or other intangible assets would have a material adverse effect on our reported results of operations and net worth.
Our business may become subject to legal, economic, political, regulatory and other risks associated with international operations.
The market price of our Common Stock may fluctuate significantly.
The conversion and redemption features of our January 2013 convertible senior notes due in 2033 are classified as embedded derivatives and may continue to result in volatility in our financial statements, including having a material impact on our result of operations and recorded derivative liability.
We have previously reported a material weakness in our internal control over financing reporting which may cause investors and stockholders to lose confidence in our financial reporting.
Directors, executive officers, principal stockholders and affiliated entities own a significant percentage of our capital stock, and they may make decisions that you may not consider to be in your best interests or in the best interests of our stockholders.
Compliance with changing regulations concerning corporate governance and public disclosure may result in additional expenses.
If we are unable to satisfy the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as they apply to us, or our internal controls over financial reporting are not effective, the reliability of our financial statements may be questioned and our Common Stock price may suffer.
We may be unable to maintain our listing on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), which could cause our stock price to fall and decrease the liquidity of our Common Stock.
Future issuances of Common Stock and hedging activities may depress the trading price of our Common Stock.
Provisions in our charter documents and Delaware law could discourage an acquisition of us by a third party, even if the acquisition would be favorable to you.
We do not intend to pay cash dividends on our Common Stock in the foreseeable future.


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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to the “Company”, “OPKO”, “we”, “our”, “ours”, and “us” refer to OPKO Health, Inc., a Delaware corporation, including our wholly-owned subsidiaries.
Item 1. Financial Statements
OPKO Health, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
 
March 31, 2015(1)
 
December 31, 2014(1)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
348,192

 
$
96,907

Accounts receivable, net
19,064

 
19,969

Inventory, net
18,324

 
16,604

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
8,445

 
9,389

Total current assets
394,025

 
142,869

Property, plant, equipment, and investment properties, net
15,120

 
16,411

Intangible assets, net
59,432

 
62,649

In-process research and development
793,000

 
793,152

Goodwill
223,219

 
224,292

Investments, net
22,380

 
22,453

Other assets
5,073

 
5,838

Total assets
$
1,512,249

 
$
1,267,664

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
10,472

 
$
8,744

Accrued expenses
158,763

 
60,912

Current portion of lines of credit and notes payable
13,603

 
13,455

Total current liabilities
182,838

 
83,111

2033 Senior Notes, net of discount and estimated fair value of embedded derivatives
106,673

 
131,454

Other long-term liabilities, principally deferred revenue and deferred tax liabilities
410,165

 
217,358

Total long-term liabilities
516,838

 
348,812

Total liabilities
699,676

 
431,923

Equity:
 
 
 
Common Stock - $0.01 par value, 750,000,000 shares authorized; 459,314,572 and 433,421,677
      shares issued at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
4,593

 
4,334

Treasury Stock - 1,245,367 and 1,245,367 shares at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014,
       respectively
(4,051
)
 
(4,051
)
Additional paid-in capital
1,628,818

 
1,529,096

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(17,503
)
 
(12,392
)
Accumulated deficit
(791,955
)
 
(674,843
)
Total shareholders’ equity attributable to OPKO
819,902

 
842,144

Noncontrolling interests
(7,329
)
 
(6,403
)
Total shareholders’ equity
812,573

 
835,741

Total liabilities and equity
$
1,512,249

 
$
1,267,664

(1)
As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, total assets include $7.1 million and $7.6 million, respectively, and total liabilities include $12.1 million and $12.1 million, respectively, related to SciVac Ltd (“SciVac”), previously known as SciGen (I.L.) Ltd, a consolidated variable interest entity. SciVac’s consolidated assets are owned by SciVac and SciVac’s consolidated liabilities have no recourse against us. Refer to Note 5.

The accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
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OPKO Health, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
 
For the three months ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Revenues:
 
 
 
Products
$
15,486

 
$
19,828

Revenue from services
2,069

 
1,970

Revenue from transfer of intellectual property
12,529

 
476

Total revenues
30,084

 
22,274

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Costs of revenues
10,320

 
12,391

Selling, general and administrative
17,446

 
13,812

Research and development
25,503

 
20,994

Contingent consideration
5,175

 
2,610

Amortization of intangible assets
2,665

 
2,744

Grant repayment (Note 12)
25,889

 

Total costs and expenses
86,998

 
52,551

Operating loss
(56,914
)
 
(30,277
)
Other income and (expense), net:
 
 
 
Interest income
8

 
40

Interest expense
(2,565
)
 
(3,486
)
Fair value changes of derivative instruments, net
(49,788
)
 
(10,373
)
Other income (expense), net
(1,508
)
 
1,675

Other income and (expense), net
(53,853
)
 
(12,144
)
Loss before income taxes and investment losses
(110,767
)
 
(42,421
)
Income tax benefit (provision)
(5,509
)
 
(614
)
Loss before investment losses
(116,276
)
 
(43,035
)
Loss from investments in investees
(1,761
)
 
(2,056
)
Net loss
(118,037
)
 
(45,091
)
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(925
)
 
(540
)
Net loss attributable to common shareholders
$
(117,112
)
 
$
(44,551
)
Loss per share, basic and diluted:
 
 
 
Net loss per share
$
(0.26
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic and diluted
446,480,884

 
412,909,809



The accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
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OPKO Health, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
For the three months ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Net loss
$
(118,037
)
 
$
(45,091
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
Change in foreign currency translation and other comprehensive income (loss) from equity investments
(3,852
)
 
(1,801
)
Available for sale investments:
 
 
 
Change in other unrealized gain (loss), net
(1,259
)
 
335

Less: reclassification adjustments for (gains) losses included in net loss, net of tax

 
(553
)
Comprehensive loss
(123,148
)
 
(47,110
)
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(925
)
 
(540
)
Comprehensive loss attributable to common shareholders
$
(122,223
)
 
$
(46,570
)


The accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
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OPKO Health, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

 
For the three months ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(118,037
)
 
$
(45,091
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
3,525

 
3,564

Non-cash interest on 2033 Senior Notes
1,056

 
1,777

Amortization of deferred financing costs
751

 
177

Losses from investments in investees
1,761

 
2,056

Equity-based compensation – employees and non-employees
7,382

 
3,579

(Recovery of) provision for bad debts
174

 
(74
)
Provision for inventory obsolescence
220

 
337

Revenue from receipt of equity
(60
)
 
(60
)
Realized gain on sale of equity securities
(216
)
 
(1,273
)
Loss on conversion of 3.00% convertible senior notes
321

 

Change in fair value of derivative instruments
49,788

 
10,373

Change in fair value of contingent consideration
5,175

 
2,610

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of the effects of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(103
)
 
(557
)
Inventory
(2,610
)
 
(1,676
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
944

 
1,287

Other assets
(509
)
 
1,429

Accounts payable
2,107

 
1,479

Foreign currency measurement
473

 
(976
)
Deferred revenue
282,238

 
(46
)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
4,413

 
(1,526
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
238,793

 
(22,611
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Investments in investees

 
(500
)
Proceeds from sale of equity securities

 
1,297

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash

 
(200
)
Capital expenditures
(363
)
 
(861
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(363
)
 
(264
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from the exercise of Common Stock options and warrants
12,712

 
1,639

Cash from non-controlling interest
791

 

Contingent consideration payments

 
(6,435
)
Borrowings on lines of credit
5,158

 
4,250

Repayments of lines of credit
(4,849
)
 
(5,985
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
13,812

 
(6,531
)
Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents
(957
)
 
4

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
251,285

 
(29,402
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
96,907

 
185,798

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
348,192

 
$
156,396

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
1,568

 
$
2,420

Income taxes paid, net
$
227

 
$
377

Pharmsynthez common stock received
$

 
$
6,264

Non-cash financing:
 
 
 
Shares issued upon the conversion of:
 
 
 
2033 Senior Notes
$
79,888

 
$

Common Stock options and warrants, surrendered in net exercise
$
14,238

 
$
657

Issuance of capital stock to acquire:
 
 
 
OPKO Uruguay Ltda.
$

 
$
159



The accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
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OPKO Health, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
NOTE 1 BUSINESS AND ORGANIZATION
We are a multi-national biopharmaceutical and diagnostics company that seeks to establish industry-leading positions in large and rapidly growing medical markets by leveraging our discovery, development and commercialization expertise and our novel and proprietary technologies. We are developing a range of solutions to diagnose, treat and prevent various conditions, including point-of-care tests, molecular diagnostics tests, laboratory developed tests, and proprietary pharmaceuticals and vaccines. We plan to commercialize these solutions on a global basis in large and high growth markets, including emerging markets.
We own established pharmaceutical platforms in Chile, Spain, Mexico, and Uruguay, which are generating revenue and which we expect to facilitate future market entry for our products currently in development. In addition, we have established a global supply chain operation and holding company in Ireland. We own a specialty active pharmaceutical ingredients (“APIs”) manufacturer in Israel, which we expect will facilitate the development of our pipeline of molecules and compounds for our proprietary molecular diagnostic and therapeutic products. In the U.S., we own a laboratory certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988, as amended (“CLIA”), with a urologic focus that generates revenue and serves as the commercial platform for the U.S. launch of the 4Kscore test to improve cancer risk stratification of patient candidates prior to prostate biopsy.
We are incorporated in Delaware and our principal executive offices are located in leased offices in Miami, Florida. We lease office and lab space in Jupiter and Miramar, Florida, and Nes Ziona, Israel, which is where our molecular diagnostics research and development, oligonucleotide research and development and carboxyl terminal peptide research and development operations are based, respectively. We lease office, manufacturing and warehouse space in Woburn, Massachusetts for our point-of-care diagnostics business, and in Nesher, Israel for our API business. We lease laboratory and office space in Nashville, Tennessee, Burlingame, California, and Miramar, Florida for our CLIA-certified laboratory business, and we lease office space in Bannockburn, Illinois, and Markham, Ontario for our pharmaceutical business directed to renal disease. Our Chilean and Uruguayan operations are located in leased offices and warehouse facilities in Santiago and Montevideo, respectively. Our Mexican operations are based in owned offices, an owned manufacturing facility and a leased warehouse facility in Guadalajara and in leased offices in Mexico City. Our Spanish operations are based in owned offices in Barcelona, in an owned manufacturing facility in Banyoles and a leased warehouse facility in Palol de Revardit. Our Brazilian operations are located in leased offices in Sao Paulo. Our Irish operations are located in leased offices in Dublin.
NOTE 2 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of presentation. The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows have been made. The results of operations and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2015, are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations and cash flows that may be reported for the remainder of 2015 or for future periods. The unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Reclassification and correction of immaterial error. During the first quarter of 2014, we reported payments for contingent consideration and some deferred payments as cash outflows from operating activities. Amounts paid pertaining to the initial purchase accounting contingent liabilities should have been classified as cash outflows from financing activities. Amounts paid in excess of the initial purchase accounting contingent liabilities have been classified as cash outflows from operating activities. We have corrected the amounts previously reported in our Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2014 in conjunction with the filing of this Form 10-Q by reducing cash outflows from operating activities and increasing cash outflows from financing activities by $6.4 million for the first quarter of 2014.
Principles of consolidation. The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of OPKO Health, Inc. and of our wholly-owned subsidiaries and variable interest entities in which we are deemed to be the primary beneficiary. All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.

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Use of estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents include short-term, interest-bearing instruments with original maturities of 90 days or less at the date of purchase. We also consider all highly liquid investments with original maturities at the date of purchase of 90 days or less as cash equivalents. These investments include money markets, bank deposits, certificates of deposit and U.S. treasury securities.
Inventories. Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market (net realizable value). Cost is determined by the first-in, first-out method. We consider such factors as the amount of inventory on hand, estimated time required to sell such inventories, remaining shelf-life, and current market conditions to determine whether inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market.
Pre-launch inventories. We may accumulate commercial quantities of certain product candidates prior to the date we anticipate that such products will receive final U.S. FDA approval.  The accumulation of such pre-launch inventories involves the risk that such products may not be approved for marketing by the FDA on a timely basis, or ever.  This risk notwithstanding, we may accumulate pre-launch inventories of certain products when such action is appropriate in relation to the commercial value of the product launch opportunity.  In accordance with our policy, this pre-launch inventory is expensed.  At March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, there were no pre-launch inventories.
Goodwill and intangible assets. Goodwill represents the difference between the purchase price and the estimated fair value of the net assets acquired when accounted for by the purchase method of accounting and arose from our acquisitions of Pharma Genexx, S.A. (“OPKO Chile”), Pharmacos Exakta S.A. de C.V. (“OPKO Mexico”), CURNA, Inc. (“CURNA”), Claros Diagnostics, Inc. (“OPKO Diagnostics”), FineTech Pharmaceuticals, Ltd. (“FineTech”), ALS Distribuidora Limitada (“ALS”), Farmadiet Group Holding, S.L. (“OPKO Health Europe”), previously known as OPKO Spain, Prost-Data, Inc. (“OPKO Lab”), Cytochroma Inc. (“OPKO Renal”), Silcon Comércio, Importacao E Exportacao de Produtos Farmaceuticos e Cosmeticos Ltda. (“OPKO Brazil”) and PROLOR Biotech, Inc. (“OPKO Biologics”). Goodwill, in-process research and development (“IPR&D”) and other intangible assets acquired in business combinations, licensing and other transactions at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were $1.1 billion and $1.1 billion, respectively.
Assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, licensing and other transactions are recognized at the date of acquisition at their respective fair values. Any excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired is recognized as goodwill. We determined the fair value of intangible assets, including IPR&D, using the “income method.”
Goodwill is tested at least annually for impairment, or when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable, by assessing qualitative factors or performing a quantitative analysis in determining whether it is more likely than not that its fair value exceeds the carrying value.
Intangible assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances warrant a review, although IPR&D is required to be tested at least annually until the project is completed or abandoned. Upon obtaining regulatory approval, the IPR&D asset is then accounted for as a finite-lived intangible asset and amortized on a straight-line basis over its estimated useful life. If the project is abandoned, the IPR&D asset is charged to expense.
We amortize intangible assets with definite lives on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, currently ranging from 3 to 10 years, and review for impairment at least annually, or when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. We use the straight-line method of amortization as there is no reliably determinable pattern in which the economic benefits of our intangible assets are consumed or otherwise used up. Amortization expense was $2.7 million and $2.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
Fair value measurements. The carrying amounts of our cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their fair value due to the short-term maturities of these instruments. Investments that are considered available for sale as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, are carried at fair value.
Short-term investments, which we invest in from time to time, include bank deposits, corporate notes, U.S. treasury securities and U.S. government agency securities with original maturities of greater than 90 days and remaining maturities of less than one year. Long-term investments include corporate notes, U.S. treasury securities and U.S. government agency securities with maturities greater than one year.
In evaluating the fair value information, considerable judgment is required to interpret the market data used to develop the estimates. The use of different market assumptions and/or different valuation techniques may have a material effect on the

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estimated fair value amounts. Accordingly, the estimates of fair value presented herein may not be indicative of the amounts that could be realized in a current market exchange. Refer to Note 8.
Contingent consideration. Each period we revalue the contingent consideration obligations associated with certain acquisitions to their fair value and record increases in the fair value as contingent consideration expense and decreases in the fair value as contingent consideration income. Changes in contingent consideration result from changes in the assumptions regarding probabilities of successful achievement of related milestones, the estimated timing in which the milestones are achieved and the discount rate used to estimate the fair value of the liability. Contingent consideration may change significantly as our development programs progress, revenue estimates evolve and additional data is obtained, impacting our assumptions. The assumptions used in estimating fair value require significant judgment. The use of different assumptions and judgments could result in a materially different estimate of fair value which may have a material impact on our results from operations and financial position.
Derivative financial instruments. We record derivative financial instruments on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at their fair value and recognize the changes in the fair value in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations, when they occur, the only exception being derivatives that qualify as hedges. For the derivative instrument to qualify as a hedge, we are required to meet strict hedge effectiveness and contemporaneous documentation requirements at the initiation of the hedge and assess the hedge effectiveness on an ongoing basis over the life of the hedge. At March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, our forward contracts for inventory purchases did not meet the documentation requirements to be designated as hedges. Accordingly, we recognize all changes in the fair values of our derivatives instruments, net, in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. Refer to Note 9.
Revenue recognition. Generally, we recognize revenue from product sales when goods are shipped and title and risk of loss transfer to our customers. Our estimates for sales returns and allowances are based upon the historical patterns of product returns and allowances taken, matched against the sales from which they originated, and management’s evaluation of specific factors that may increase or decrease the risk of product returns.
Revenue for laboratory services is recognized on the accrual basis at the time test results are reported, which approximates when services are provided. Services are provided to certain patients covered by various third-party payer programs including various managed care organizations, as well as the Medicare and Medicaid programs. Billings for services under third-party payer programs are included in sales net of allowances for contractual discounts and allowances for differences between the amounts billed and estimated program payment amounts. Adjustments to the estimated payment amounts based on final settlement with the programs are recorded upon settlement as an adjustment to revenue.
For the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, revenue from services also includes $0.2 million and 0.1 million, respectively, of revenue related to our consulting agreement with Neovasc, Inc. (“Neovasc”) and to revenue related to molecular diagnostics collaboration agreements. We recognize this revenue on a straight-line basis over the contractual term of the agreements.
Revenue from transfer of intellectual property includes revenue related to the sale, license or transfer of intellectual property such as upfront license payments, license fees and milestone payments received through our license, collaboration and commercialization agreements. We analyze our multiple-element arrangements to determine whether the elements can be separated and accounted for individually as separate units of accounting.
Non-refundable license fees for the out-license of our technology are recognized depending on the provisions of each agreement. We recognize non-refundable upfront license payments as revenue upon receipt if the license has standalone value and qualifies for treatment as a separate unit of accounting under multiple-element arrangement guidance. License fees with ongoing involvement or performance obligations that do not have standalone value are recorded as deferred revenue, included in Accrued expenses or Other long-term liabilities, when received and generally are recognized ratably over the period of such performance obligations only after both the license period has commenced and we have delivered the technology.
The assessment of our obligations and related performance periods requires significant management judgment. If an agreement contains research and development obligations, the relevant time period for the research and development phase is based on management estimates and could vary depending on the outcome of clinical trials and the regulatory approval process. Such changes could materially impact the revenue recognized, and as a result, management reviews the estimates related to the relevant time period of research and development on a quarterly basis. For the three months ended March 31, 2015, revenue from transfer of intellectual property includes $12.5 million of revenue related to the Pfizer Transaction. Refer to Note 12.
Revenue from milestone payments related to arrangements under which we have continuing performance obligations are recognized as Revenue from transfer of intellectual property upon achievement of the milestone only if all of the following conditions are met: the milestone payments are non-refundable; there was substantive uncertainty at the date of entering into the arrangement that the milestone would be achieved; the milestone is commensurate with either the vendor’s performance to achieve the milestone or the enhancement of the value of the delivered item by the vendor; the milestone relates solely to past

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performance; and the amount of the milestone is reasonable in relation to the effort expended or the risk associated with the achievement of the milestone. If any of these conditions are not met, the milestone payments are not considered to be substantive and are, therefore, deferred and recognized as Revenue from transfer of intellectual property over the term of the arrangement as we complete our performance obligations.
Total deferred revenue included in Accrued expenses and Other long-term liabilities was $288.8 million and $6.7 million at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. The deferred revenue balance at March 31, 2015 relates primarily to the Pfizer Transaction. Refer to Note 12.
Allowance for doubtful accounts. We analyze accounts receivable balances by considering factors such as historical experience, customer credit worthiness, the age of accounts receivable balances and current economic conditions and trends that may affect a customer's ability to pay. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on our assessment of the collectability of customer accounts. Our reported net loss is directly affected by our estimate of the collectability of accounts receivable. The amount of the allowance for doubtful accounts was $1.7 million and $1.9 million at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.
Equity-based compensation. We measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award. That cost is recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. We record excess tax benefits, realized from the exercise of stock options as a financing cash inflow rather than as a reduction of taxes paid in cash flow from operations. Equity-based compensation arrangements to non-employees are recorded at their fair value on the measurement date. The measurement of equity-based compensation to non-employees is subject to periodic adjustment as the underlying equity instruments vest. During the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, we recorded $7.4 million and $3.6 million, respectively, of equity-based compensation expense.
Research and development expenses. Research and development expenses include external and internal expenses, partially offset by third-party grants and fundings arising from collaboration agreements. External expenses include clinical and non-clinical activities performed by contract research organizations, lab services, purchases of drug and diagnostic product materials and manufacturing development costs. Research and development employee-related expenses include salaries, benefits and stock-based compensation expense. Other unallocated internal research and development expenses are incurred to support overall research and development activities and include expenses related to general overhead and facilities. We expense these costs in the period in which they are incurred. We estimate our liabilities for research and development expenses in order to match the recognition of expenses to the period in which the actual services are received. As such, accrued liabilities related to third party research and development activities are recognized based upon our estimate of services received and degree of completion of the services in accordance with the specific third party contract.
We record expense for in-process research and development projects acquired as asset acquisitions which have not reached technological feasibility and which have no alternative future use. For in-process research and development projects acquired in business combinations, the in-process research and development project is capitalized and evaluated for impairment until the development process has been completed. Once the development process has been completed the asset will be amortized over its remaining useful life.
Segment reporting. Our chief operating decision-maker (“CODM”) is Phillip Frost, M.D., our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Our CODM reviews our operating results and operating plans and makes resource allocation decisions on a Company-wide or aggregate basis. We currently manage our operations in two reportable segments, pharmaceuticals and diagnostics. The pharmaceutical segment consists of two operating segments, our (i) pharmaceutical research and development segment which is focused on the research and development of pharmaceutical products, and vaccines, and (ii) the pharmaceutical operations we acquired in Chile, Mexico, Israel, Spain, Uruguay and Brazil. The diagnostics segment consists of two operating segments, our (i) pathology operations we acquired through the acquisition of OPKO Lab and (ii) point-of-care and molecular diagnostics operations. There are no significant inter-segment sales. We evaluate the performance of each segment based on operating profit or loss. There is no inter-segment allocation of interest expense and income taxes.
Variable interest entities. The consolidation of variable interest entities (“VIE”) is required when an enterprise has a controlling financial interest. A controlling financial interest in a VIE will have both of the following characteristics: (a) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and (b) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. Refer to Note 5.
Investments. We have made strategic investments in development stage and emerging companies. We record these investments as equity method investments or investments available for sale based on our percentage of ownership and whether we have significant influence over the operations of the investees. For investments classified under the equity method of accounting, we record our proportionate share of their losses in Losses from investments in investees in our Condensed

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Consolidated Statement of Operations. Refer to Note 5. For investments classified as available for sale, we record changes in their fair value as unrealized gain or loss in Other comprehensive income (loss) based on their closing price per share at the end of each reporting period. Refer to Note 5.
Recent accounting pronouncements. In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”), ASU No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers." ASU No. 2014-09 clarifies the principles for recognizing revenue and develops a common revenue standard for GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards that removes inconsistencies and weaknesses in revenue requirements, provides a more robust framework for addressing revenue issues, improves comparability of revenue recognition practices across entities, industries, jurisdictions, and capital markets, provides more useful information to users of financial statements through improved disclosure requirements and simplifies the preparation of financial statements by reducing the number of requirements to which an entity must refer. ASU No. 2014-09 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016. Companies can choose to apply the ASU using either the full retrospective approach or a modified retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating both methods of adoption and the impact that the adoption of this ASU will have on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In June 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-12, "Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could Be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force)." ASU No. 2014-12 requires that a performance target that affects vesting and that could be achieved after the requisite service period be treated as a performance condition. ASU No. 2014-12 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Earlier adoption is permitted. The amendments can be applied either prospectively to all awards granted or modified after the effective date or retrospectively to all awards with performance targets that are outstanding as of the beginning of the earliest annual period presented in the financial statements and to all new or modified awards. We expect to apply the ASU prospectively and do not expect the adoption to have an impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as our existing share-based payment awards do not fall within the scope of this ASU.
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, "Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern," to provide guidance on management’s responsibility in evaluating whether there is substantial doubt about a company’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. ASU 2014-15 is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016 with early adoption permitted. We do not believe the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2014-15 on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements will be material.
In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, "Consolidation (Topic 810)," which amends current consolidation guidance including changes to both the variable and voting interest models used by companies to evaluate whether an entity should be consolidated. The requirements from ASU 2015-02 are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of this new guidance on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
NOTE 3 LOSS PER SHARE
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing our net loss by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share is computed by dividing our net loss increased by dividends on preferred stock by the weighted average number of shares outstanding and the impact of all dilutive potential common shares, primarily stock options. The dilutive impact of stock options and warrants is determined by applying the “treasury stock” method. In the periods in which their effect would be antidilutive, no effect has been given to outstanding options, warrants or convertible Preferred Stock in the diluted computation. Potentially dilutive shares issuable pursuant to the 2033 Senior Notes (defined in Note 6) were not included in the computation of net loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2015, because their inclusion would be antidilutive.
A total of 17,489,421 and 29,874,112 potential shares of Common Stock have been excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, because their inclusion would be antidilutive.
During the three months ended March 31, 2015, 21,735,636 Common Stock options and Common Stock warrants to purchase shares of our Common Stock were exercised, resulting in the issuance of 20,529,027 shares of Common Stock. Of the 21,735,636 Common Stock options and Common Stock warrants exercised, 1,206,609 shares of Common Stock were surrendered in lieu of a cash payment via the net exercise feature of the agreements.


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NOTE 4 COMPOSITION OF CERTAIN FINANCIAL STATEMENT CAPTIONS
(In thousands)
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Accounts receivable, net
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
$
20,755

 
$
21,875

Less: allowance for doubtful accounts
(1,691
)
 
(1,906
)
 
$
19,064

 
$
19,969

Inventories, net
 
 
 
Finished products
$
14,349

 
$
12,116

Work in-process
891

 
1,011

Raw materials
3,638

 
4,116

Less: inventory reserve
(554
)
 
(639
)
 
$
18,324

 
$
16,604

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
 
 
Prepaid supplies
$
1,319

 
$
1,123

Prepaid insurance
1,041

 
968

Other receivables
733

 
669

Taxes recoverable
1,968

 
2,417

Other
3,384

 
4,212

 
$
8,445

 
$
9,389

Intangible assets, net:
 
 
 
Technologies
$
52,167

 
$
52,508

Customer relationships
21,943

 
22,108

Product registrations
8,224

 
8,763

Trade names
3,417

 
3,483

Covenants not to compete
8,618

 
8,639

Other
991

 
1,079

Less:  accumulated amortization
(35,928
)
 
(33,931
)
 
$
59,432

 
$
62,649

Accrued expenses:
 
 
 
Taxes payable
$
3,008

 
$
77

Deferred revenue
74,789

 
4,185

Clinical trials
9,620

 
8,643

Professional fees
1,624

 
1,860

Employee benefits
6,495

 
4,127

Contingent consideration
52,838

 
27,352

Other
10,389

 
14,668

 
$
158,763

 
$
60,912

 
 
 
 

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(In thousands)
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Other long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
Contingent consideration – OPKO Renal
$
18,841

 
$
36,529

Contingent consideration – OPKO Health Europe

 
254

Contingent consideration – OPKO Diagnostics
4,375

 
6,992

Contingent consideration – CURNA
457

 
440

Mortgages and other debts payable
2,185

 
2,434

Deferred tax liabilities
166,922

 
167,153

Deferred revenue
214,017

 
2,526

Other
3,368

 
1,030

 
$
410,165

 
$
217,358

All of the intangible assets and goodwill acquired relate to our acquisitions of OPKO Chile, including the intangible assets and goodwill related to the ALS acquisition, OPKO Mexico, CURNA, OPKO Diagnostics, FineTech, OPKO Health Europe, OPKO Lab, OPKO Brazil, OPKO Renal, OPKO Biologics, OPKO Uruguay Ltda. and SciVac, a consolidated VIE. The pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and veterinary products from ALS and OPKO Health Europe do not require ongoing product renewals. We do not anticipate capitalizing the cost of product registration renewals, rather we expect to expense these costs, as incurred. Our goodwill is not tax deductible for income tax purposes in the U.S., Chile, Canada, Mexico, Spain, or Israel.
At March 31, 2015, the changes in value of the intangible assets and goodwill are primarily due to foreign currency fluctuations between the Chilean and Mexican pesos, the Euro and the Shekel against the U.S. dollar.
The following table reflects the changes in Goodwill during the three months ended March 31, 2015.
 
2015
(In thousands)
Balance at January 1st
 
Acquisitions
 
Foreign exchange
 
Balance at March 31th
Pharmaceuticals
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURNA
$
4,827

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,827

OPKO Mexico
100

 

 
(3
)
 
97

OPKO Chile
5,283

 

 
(175
)
 
5,108

OPKO Health Europe
8,013

 

 
(859
)
 
7,154

FineTech
11,698

 

 

 
11,698

SciVac
1,553

 

 
(36
)
 
1,517

OPKO Renal
2,069

 

 

 
2,069

OPKO Biologics
139,784

 

 

 
139,784

Diagnostics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OPKO Diagnostics

17,977

 

 

 
17,977

OPKO Lab
32,988

 

 

 
32,988

 
$
224,292

 
$

 
$
(1,073
)
 
$
223,219



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NOTE 5 ACQUISITIONS, INVESTMENTS AND LICENSES
Inspiro Medical Ltd. acquisition
On April 17, 2014, we entered into a stock purchase agreement to acquire 100% of the issued and outstanding share capital of Inspiro Medical Ltd. (“Inspiro”), an Israeli medical device company developing a new platform to deliver small molecule drugs such as corticosteroids and beta agonists and larger molecules to treat respiratory diseases.     
In connection with the transaction, we paid $1.5 million in cash and delivered 999,556 shares of our Common Stock valued at $8.6 million based on the closing price per share of our Common Stock as reported by the NYSE on the actual closing date of the acquisition, or $8.57 per share. The transaction closed on May 22, 2014. The number of shares issued was based upon our trading price as reported by the NYSE for the ten trading days immediately preceding the execution date of the purchase agreement, or $9.00 per share.
Inspiro’s Inspiromatic™ is a “smart” easy-to-use dry powder inhaler with several advantages over existing devices. We anticipate that this innovative device will play a valuable role in the improvement of therapy for asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis and other respiratory diseases. We recorded the transaction as an asset acquisition and recorded the assets and liabilities at fair value. As the asset had no alternative future use, we recorded $10.1 million of acquired in-process research and development expenses.
We record expense for in-process research and development projects accounted for as asset acquisitions which have not reached technological feasibility and which have no alternative future use.
Investments
The following table reflects the accounting method, carrying value and underlying equity in net assets of our unconsolidated investments as of March 31, 2015:
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
Investment type
 
Investment Carrying Value
 
Underlying Equity in Net Assets
Equity method investments
 
$
7,219

 
$
19,050

Variable interest entity, equity method
 
939

 

Available for sale investments
 
4,499

 
 
Warrants and options
 
9,723

 
 
Total carrying value of investments
 
$
22,380

 
 
Equity Method Investments
Our equity method investments consist of investments in Pharmsynthez (ownership 17%), Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. (“COCP”) (8%), Sevion Therapeutics, Inc. (“Sevion”) (4%), Non-Invasive Monitoring Systems, Inc. (1%) and Neovasc (5%). The total assets, liabilities, and net losses of our equity method investees for the three months ended March 31, 2015 were $373.4 million, $(51.0) million, and $(37.8) million, respectively. We have determined that we and/or our related parties can significantly influence the success of our equity method investments through our board representation and voting power. Accordingly, we account for our investment in these entities under the equity method. For investments classified under the equity method of accounting, we record our proportionate share of their losses in Loss from investments in investees in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. The aggregate value of our equity method investments based on the quoted market price of their common stock and the number of shares held by us as of March 31, 2015 is $112.1 million. See further discussion of our investment in Pharmsynthez below.
Available for Sale Investments
Our available for sale investments consist of investments in RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation (“RXi”) (ownership 10%), ChromaDex Corporation (2%) and ARNO Therapeutics, Inc. (“ARNO”) (4%). We have determined that our ownership, along with that of our related parties, does not provide us with significant influence over the operations of our available for sale investments. Accordingly, we account for our investment in these entities as available for sale, and we record changes in these investments as an unrealized gain or loss in Other comprehensive income (loss) each reporting period.
Sales of Investments
Gains (losses) included in earnings from sales of our investments for the three months ended March 31, 2014 were $1.3 million and were recorded in Other income (expense), net in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. We did not

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have any such activity in the three months ended March 31, 2015. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method.
Warrants and Options
In addition to our equity method investments and available for sale investments, we hold options to purchase 1.0 million additional shares of Neovasc, which are fully vested as of December 31, 2014, and 1.0 million, 0.8 million and 0.1 million of warrants to purchase additional shares of COCP, ARNO and Sevion, respectively. We recorded the changes in the fair value of the options and warrants in Fair value changes of derivative instruments, net in our Consolidated Statements of Operations. We record the fair value of the options and warrants in Investments, net in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. See further discussion of the Company’s options and warrants in Note 8 and Note 9.
Pharmsynthez transactions
In April 2013, we entered into a series of concurrent transactions with Pharmsynthez, a Russian pharmaceutical company traded on the Moscow Stock Exchange. The transactions consisted of:
We delivered approximately $9.6 million to Pharmsynthez.
Pharmsynthez issued to us approximately 13.6 million of its common shares.
Pharmsynthez agreed, at its option, to issue approximately 12.0 million common shares to us or to pay us cash in Russian Rubles (“RUR”) 265.0 million ($8.1 million at December 31, 2013) on or before December 31, 2013 (the “Pharmsynthez Note Receivable”). In January 2014, Pharmsynthez delivered to us approximately 12.0 million shares of its common stock in satisfaction of the Pharmsynthez Notes Receivable.
We had a right to purchase additional shares in Pharmsynthez at a fixed price if Pharmsynthez pays us in cash rather than delivering to us the 12.0 million Pharmsynthez common shares (the “Purchase Option”), however in connection with the settlement of the Pharmsynthez Note Receivable in January 2014, this right terminated. 
We granted rights to certain technologies in the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan (the “Territories”) to Pharmsynthez. 
We will receive from Pharmsynthez royalties on net sales of products incorporating the technologies in the Territories, as well as a percentage of any sublicense income from third parties for the technologies in the Territories.
Pharmsynthez paid us $9.5 million under the various collaboration and funding agreements for the grant of rights and development of the technologies (the “Collaboration Payments”).
We recorded the shares received in Pharmsynthez as an equity method investment.  We initially recorded the Pharmsynthez Note Receivable, and the Purchase Option, as financial instruments and elected the fair value option for subsequent measurement. Changes in the fair value of the Pharmsynthez Note Receivable and the Purchase Option were recorded in Fair value changes of derivative instruments, net in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Upon settlement in January 2014, we recorded the additional shares at fair value as an equity method investment.
We have accounted for the license and development activities as a multi-element arrangement, and allocated the total arrangement consideration based on the relative selling prices of the elements. We record the allocated consideration for development activities as an offset to Research and development expenses over the three-year term of the Collaboration Payments.  We recorded revenue in connection with the grant of rights to the technologies proportionately as the payments were received. 
During the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, we recorded $0 million and $0.5 million, respectively, in Revenue from transfer of intellectual property and $0.2 million and $0.4 million, respectively, as an offset to Research and development expenses related to the Collaboration Payments.
Investments in variable interest entities

We have determined that we hold variable interests in SciVac, and Zebra Biologics, Inc. (“Zebra”). We made this determination as a result of our assessment that they do not have sufficient resources to carry out their principal activities without additional financial support.
We acquired 840,000 shares of Zebra Series A-2 Preferred Stock and 900,000 shares of Zebra restricted common stock (ownership 27% at March 31, 2015). Zebra is a privately held biotechnology company focused on the discovery and development of biosuperior antibody therapeutics and complex drugs. Dr. Richard Lerner, M.D., a member of our Board of Directors, is a founder of Zebra and, along with Dr. Frost, serves as a member of Zebra’s Board of Directors.

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In order to determine the primary beneficiary of Zebra, we evaluated our investment and our related parties’ investment, as well as our investment combined with the related party group’s investment to identify if we had the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of Zebra. We determined that we do not have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact Zebra’s economic performance. Based on the capital structure, governing documents and overall business operations of Zebra, we determined that, while a VIE, we do not have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact Zebra’s economic performance. We did determine, however, that we can significantly influence the success of Zebra through our board representation and voting power. Accordingly, as we have the ability to exercise significant influence over Zebra’s operations, we account for our investment in Zebra under the equity method.
Consolidated variable interest entities
In June 2012, we acquired a 50% stock ownership in SciVac (45% as of March 31, 2015) from FDS Pharma LLP (“FDS”). SciVac is a privately-held Israeli company that produces a third-generation hepatitis B-vaccine. From November 2012 until March 31, 2015, we loaned to SciVac a combined $6.6 million for working capital purposes. We have determined that we hold variable interests in SciVac based on our assessment that SciVac does not have sufficient resources to carry out its principal activities without financial support. In order to determine the fair market value of our investment in SciVac, we have utilized a business enterprise valuation approach.
In order to determine the primary beneficiary of SciVac, we evaluated our investment to identify if we had the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of SciVac. We have determined that the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of SciVac is conveyed through SciVac’s board of directors. SciVac’s board of directors appoint and oversee SciVac’s management team who carry out the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of SciVac. As part of the share and debt purchase agreement, SciVac’s board of directors is constituted by 5 members, of which 3 members are appointed by us, representing 60% of SciVac’s board. Based on this analysis, we determined that we have the power to direct the activities of SciVac and as such we are the primary beneficiary. As a result of this conclusion, we have consolidated the results of operations and financial position of SciVac and recorded a reduction of equity for the portion of SciVac we do not own.
The following table represents the consolidated assets and non-recourse liabilities related to SciVac as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014. These assets are owned by, and these liabilities are obligations of, SciVac, not us.
(In thousands)
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
303

 
$
393

Accounts receivable, net
140

 
316

Inventories, net
1,534

 
1,649

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
752

 
718

Total current assets
2,729

 
3,076

Property, plant and equipment, net
1,700

 
1,725

Intangible assets, net
826

 
875

Goodwill
1,517

 
1,553

Other assets
346

 
384

Total assets
$
7,118

 
$
7,613

Liabilities
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
441

 
$
445

Accrued expenses
4,461

 
4,446

Notes payable
5,349

 
5,189

Total current liabilities
10,251

 
10,080

Other long-term liabilities
1,881

 
2,042

Total liabilities
$
12,132

 
$
12,122


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In March 2015, SciVac entered into an agreement pursuant to which Levon Resources Ltd. ("Levon") will acquire 100% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of SciVac by way of a court-approved plan of arrangement (the "Arrangement"). Upon closing, which is anticipated to occur in the second quarter of 2015, Levon intends to change its name to SciVac Inc. ("New SciVac"), and the current officers and directors of SciVac will be the officers and directors of New SciVac post-closing. The current owners of SciVac will own 68.4% of the outstanding shares of New SciVac post-closing, with OPKO owning approximately 30% of the outstanding shares.
NOTE 6 DEBT    
In January 2013, we entered into note purchase agreements (the “2033 Senior Notes”) with qualified institutional buyers and accredited investors (collectively the “Purchaser”) in a private placement in reliance on exemptions from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, (the “Securities Act”). The Purchasers of the 2033 Senior Notes include Frost Gamma Investments Trust, a trust affiliated with Dr. Frost, and Hsu Gamma Investment, L.P., an entity affiliated with Dr. Jane H. Hsiao, our Vice Chairman and Chief Technology Officer. The 2033 Senior Notes were issued on January 30, 2013. The 2033 Senior Notes, which total $175.0 million, bear interest at the rate of 3.00% per year, payable semiannually on February 1 and August 1 of each year, beginning August 1, 2013. The 2033 Senior Notes will mature on February 1, 2033, unless earlier repurchased, redeemed or converted. Upon a fundamental change as defined in the instruments governing the 2033 Senior Notes, subject to certain exceptions, the holders may require us to repurchase all or any portion of their 2033 Senior Notes for cash at a repurchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2033 Senior Notes being repurchased, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to but not including the fundamental change repurchase date.
The following table sets forth information related to the 2033 Senior Notes which is included our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2015:
(In thousands)
Embedded conversion option
 
2033 Senior Notes
 
Discount
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2014
$
65,947

 
$
87,642

 
$
(22,135
)
 
$
131,454

Amortization of debt discount

 

 
1,056

 
1,056

Change in fair value of embedded derivative
53,730

 

 

 
53,730

Conversion
(51,890
)
 
(36,442
)
 
8,765

 
(79,567
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
67,787

 
$
51,200

 
$
(12,314
)
 
$
106,673

The 2033 Senior Notes will be convertible at any time on or after November 1, 2032, through the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date, at the option of the holders. Additionally, holders may convert their 2033 Senior Notes prior to the close of business on the scheduled trading day immediately preceding November 1, 2032, under the following circumstances: (1) conversion based upon satisfaction of the trading price condition relating to the 2033 Senior Notes; (2) conversion based on the Common Stock price; (3) conversion based upon the occurrence of specified corporate events; or (4) if we call the 2033 Senior Notes for redemption. The 2033 Senior Notes will be convertible into cash, shares of our Common Stock, or a combination of cash and shares of Common Stock, at our election unless we have made an irrevocable election of net share settlement. The initial conversion rate for the 2033 Senior Notes will be 141.48 shares of Common Stock per $1,000 principal amount of 2033 Senior Notes (equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $7.07 per share of Common Stock), and will be subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain events. In addition, we will, in certain circumstances, increase the conversion rate for holders who convert their 2033 Senior Notes in connection with a make-whole fundamental change (as defined in the Indenture) and holders who convert upon the occurrence of certain specific events prior to February 1, 2017 (other than in connection with a make-whole fundamental change). Holders of the 2033 Senior Notes may require us to repurchase the 2033 Senior Notes for 100% of their principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, on February 1, 2019, February 1, 2023 and February 1, 2028, or following the occurrence of a fundamental change as defined in the indenture governing the 2033 Senior Notes. See further discussion in Note 14.
We may not redeem the 2033 Senior Notes prior to February 1, 2017. On or after February 1, 2017 and before February 1, 2019, we may redeem for cash any or all of the 2033 Senior Notes but only if the last reported sale price of our Common Stock exceeds 130% of the applicable conversion price for at least 20 trading days during the 30 consecutive trading day period ending on the trading day immediately prior to the date on which we deliver the redemption notice. The redemption price will equal 100% of the principal amount of the 2033 Senior Notes to be redeemed, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to but not including the redemption date. On or after February 1, 2019, we may redeem for cash any or all of the 2033 Senior Notes at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount of the 2033 Senior Notes to be redeemed, plus any accrued and unpaid interest up to but not including the redemption date.

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The terms of the 2033 Senior Notes, include, among others: (i) rights to convert into shares of our Common Stock, including upon a fundamental change; and (ii) a coupon make-whole payment in the event of a conversion by the holders of the 2033 Senior Notes on or after February 1, 2017 but prior to February 1, 2019. We have determined that these specific terms are considered to be embedded derivatives. As a result, embedded derivatives are required to be separated from the host contract, the 2033 Senior Notes, and carried at fair value when: (a) the embedded derivative possesses economic characteristics that are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics of the host contract; and (b) a separate, stand-alone instrument with the same terms would qualify as a derivative instrument. We have concluded that the embedded derivatives within the 2033 Senior Notes meet these criteria and, as such, must be valued separate and apart from the 2033 Senior Notes and recorded at fair value each reporting period.
For accounting and financial reporting purposes, we combine these embedded derivatives and value them together as one unit of accounting. At each reporting period, we record these embedded derivatives at fair value which is included as a component of the 2033 Senior Notes on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
On August 30, 2013, one of the conversion rights in the 2033 Senior Notes was triggered. Holders of the 2033 Senior Notes converted $16.9 million principal amount into 2,396,145 shares of our Common Stock at a rate of 141.4827 shares of Common Stock per $1,000 principal amount of 2033 Senior Notes. In June 2014, we entered into an exchange agreement with a holder of the Company’s Notes pursuant to which such holder exchanged $70.4 million in aggregate principal amount of Notes for 10,974,431 shares of the Company’s Common Stock and approximately $0.8 million in cash representing accrued interest through the date of completion of the exchange.
In March 2015, we entered into exchange agreements with certain holders of our 2033 Senior Notes pursuant to which such holders exchanged $36.4 million in aggregate principal amount of 2033 Senior Notes for 5,363,896 shares of the Company’s Common Stock and approximately $0.2 million in cash representing accrued interest through the date of completion of the exchange. We recorded a $0.3 million non-cash loss related to the exchange. The loss on exchange is included within Other income (expense) on our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
We used a binomial lattice model in order to estimate the fair value of the embedded derivative in the 2033 Senior Notes. A binomial lattice model generates two probable outcomes — one up and another down —arising at each point in time, starting from the date of valuation until the maturity date. A lattice model was initially used to determine if the 2033 Senior Notes would be converted, called or held at each decision point. Within the lattice model, the following assumptions are made: (i) the 2033 Senior Notes will be converted early if the conversion value is greater than the holding value; or (ii) the 2033 Senior Notes will be called if the holding value is greater than both (a) the redemption price (as defined in the Indenture) and (b) the conversion value plus the coupon make-whole payment at the time. If the 2033 Senior Notes are called, then the holder will maximize their value by finding the optimal decision between (1) redeeming at the redemption price and (2) converting the 2033 Senior Notes.
Using this lattice model, we valued the embedded derivatives using the “with-and-without method,” where the value of the 2033 Senior Notes including the embedded derivatives is defined as the “with,” and the value of the 2033 Senior Notes excluding the embedded derivatives is defined as the “without.” This method estimates the value of the embedded derivatives by looking at the difference in the values between the 2033 Senior Notes with the embedded derivatives and the value of the 2033 Senior Notes without the embedded derivatives.
The lattice model requires the following inputs: (i) price of our Common Stock; (ii) Conversion Rate (as defined in the Indenture); (iii) Conversion Price (as defined in the Indenture); (iv) maturity date; (v) risk-free interest rate; (vi) estimated stock volatility; and (vii) estimated credit spread for the Company.
The following table sets forth the inputs to the lattice model used to value the embedded derivative:
 
March 31, 2015
Stock price
$14.17
Conversion Rate
141.4827
Conversion Price
$7.07
Maturity date
February 1, 2033
Risk-free interest rate
1.09%
Estimated stock volatility
43%
Estimated credit spread
1043 basis points

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The following table sets forth the fair value of the 2033 Senior Notes with and without the embedded derivatives, and the fair value of the embedded derivatives at March 31, 2015. At March 31, 2015 the principal amount of the 2033 Senior Notes was $51.2 million:
(In thousands)
March 31, 2015
Fair value of 2033 Senior Notes:
 
With the embedded derivatives
$
106,170

Without the embedded derivatives
$
38,383

Estimated fair value of the embedded derivatives
$
67,787


Changes in certain inputs into the lattice model can have a significant impact on changes in the estimated fair value of the embedded derivatives. For example, a decrease in our estimated credit spread results in an increase in the estimated value of the embedded derivatives. Conversely, a decrease in the price of our Common Stock results in a decrease in the estimated fair value of the embedded derivatives. For the three months ended March 31, 2015, we observed an increase in the market price of our Common Stock which primarily resulted in a $53.7 million increase in the estimated fair value of our embedded derivatives recorded in Fair value changes of derivative instruments, net in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

We have line of credit agreements with eight financial institutions as of March 31, 2015 and twelve financial institutions as of December 31, 2014 in Chile and Spain. These lines of credit are used primarily as a source of working capital for inventory purchases.
The following table summarizes the amounts outstanding under the Chilean and Spanish lines of credit:
(Dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 Balance Outstanding
Lender
 
Interest rate on
borrowings at March 31, 2015
 
Credit line
capacity
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Itau Bank
 
6.00%
 
$1,800
 
$918
 
$965
Bank of Chile
 
6.34%
 
2,250
 
805
 
1,410
BICE Bank
 
6.16%
 
1,700
 
1,340
 
1,249
BBVA Bank
 
5.00%
 
2,300
 
1,723
 
795
Penta Bank
 
7.34%
 
1,200
 
962
 
1,008
Security Bank
 
6.16%
 
940
 
334
 
361
Estado Bank
 
5.30%
 
2,800
 
1,811
 
1,870
BBVA Bank
 
4.75%
 
271
 
 
Total
 
 
 
$13,261
 
$7,893
 
$7,658
At March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the weighted average interest rate on our lines of credit was approximately 5.9% and 6.1%, respectively.
At March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, we had mortgage notes and other debt related to OPKO Health Europe as follows:
(In thousands)
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Current portion of notes payable
$
361

 
$
608

Other long-term liabilities
2,185

 
2,435

Total mortgage notes and other debt
$
2,546

 
$
3,043

The mortgages and other debts mature at various dates ranging from 2015 through 2024 bearing variable interest rates from 2.7% up to 6.3%. The weighted average interest rate on the mortgage notes and other debt at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, was 3.2% and 3.4%, respectively. The mortgages are secured by our office space in Barcelona.

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NOTE 7 ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
For the three months ended March 31, 2015, changes in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, were as follows:
(In thousands)
Foreign
currency
 
Unrealized
gain (loss) in
Accumulated
OCI
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2014
$
(6,717
)
 
$
(5,675
)
 
$
(12,392
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications, net of tax
(3,852
)
 
(1,259
)
 
(5,111
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

Net other comprehensive loss
(3,852
)
 
(1,259
)
 
(5,111
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
(10,569
)
 
$
(6,934
)
 
$
(17,503
)
NOTE 8 FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
We record fair values at an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. We utilize a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.
A summary of our investments classified as available for sale and carried at fair value, is as follows:
 
As of March 31, 2015
(In thousands)
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
unrealized
gains in
Accumulated
OCI
 
Gross
unrealized
losses in
Accumulated
OCI
 
Gain/(Loss)
in
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Fair
value
Common stock investments, available for sale
$
11,479

 
$
1,082

 
$
(6,620
)
 
$
(1,442
)
 
$
4,499

Common stock options/warrants
1,425

 

 

 
8,298

 
9,723

Total assets
$
12,904

 
$
1,082

 
$
(6,620
)
 
$
6,856

 
$
14,222

 
As of December 31, 2014
(In thousands)
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
unrealized
gains in
Accumulated
OCI
 
Gross
unrealized
losses in
Accumulated
OCI
 
Gain/(Loss)
in
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Fair
value
Common stock investments, available for sale
$
11,479

 
$
293

 
$
(4,573
)
 
$
(1,441
)
 
$
5,758

Common stock options/warrants
1,425

 
216

 

 
4,673

 
6,314

Total assets
$
12,904

 
$
509

 
$
(4,573
)
 
$
3,232

 
$
12,072

Any future fluctuation in fair value related to our available for sale investments that is judged to be temporary, including any recoveries of previous write-downs, will be recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive income or loss. If we determine that any future valuation adjustment was other-than-temporary, we will record a loss during the period such determination is made. Any future changes in the fair value of option and warrant instruments will be recorded in Fair value changes of derivative instruments, net in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
As of March 31, 2015, we have money market funds that qualify as cash equivalents, forward contracts for inventory purchases (Refer to Note 9) and contingent consideration related to the acquisitions of CURNA, OPKO Diagnostics, OPKO Health Europe, and OPKO Renal that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. In addition, in connection with our investment and our consulting agreement with Neovasc, we record the related Neovasc options at fair value as well as the warrants from COCP, ARNO and Sevion.

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Our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are as follows:
 
Fair value measurements as of March 31, 2015
(In thousands)
Quoted
prices in
active
markets for
identical
assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
56,468

 
$

 
$

 
$
56,468

Common stock investments, available for sale
4,499

 

 

 
4,499

Common stock options/warrants

 
9,723

 

 
9,723

Forward contracts

 
14

 

 
14

Total assets
$
60,967

 
$
9,737

 
$

 
$
70,704

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Embedded conversion option
$

 
$

 
$
67,787

 
$
67,787

Contingent consideration:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURNA

 

 
457

 
457

OPKO Diagnostics

 

 
14,402

 
14,402

OPKO Renal

 

 
59,410

 
59,410

OPKO Health Europe

 

 
2,242

 
2,242

Total liabilities
$

 
$

 
$
144,298

 
$
144,298

 
Fair value measurements as of December 31, 2014
(In thousands)
Quoted
prices in
active
markets for
identical
assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
71,286

 
$

 
$

 
$
71,286

Common stock investments, available for sale
5,758

 

 

 
5,758

Common stock options/warrants

 
6,314

 

 
6,314

Forward contracts

 
36

 

 
36

Total assets
$
77,044

 
$
6,350

 
$

 
$
83,394

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Embedded conversion option
$

 
$

 
$
65,947

 
$
65,947

Contingent consideration:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURNA

 

 
440

 
440

OPKO Diagnostics

 

 
13,578

 
13,578

OPKO Renal

 

 
55,780

 
55,780

OPKO Health Europe

 

 
1,769

 
1,769

Total liabilities
$

 
$

 
$
137,514

 
$
137,514

The carrying amount and estimated fair value of our long-term debt, as well as the applicable fair value hierarchy tiers, are contained in the table below. The fair value of the 2033 Senior Notes is determined using a binomial lattice approach in order to estimate the fair value of the embedded derivative in the 2033 Senior Notes. Refer to Note 6.
 
March 31, 2015
(In thousands)
Carrying
Value
 
Total
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
2033 Senior Notes
$
38,886

 
$
38,383

 
$

 
$

 
$
38,383


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There have been no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 and no transfers to or from Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.
As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the carrying value of our other assets and liabilities approximates their fair value due to their short-term nature.
The following tables reconcile the beginning and ending balances of our Level 3 assets and liabilities as of March 31, 2015:
 
March 31, 2015
(In thousands)
Contingent
consideration
 
 
Embedded
conversion
option
Balance at December 31, 2014
$
71,567

 
 
$
65,947

Total losses (gains) for the period:
 
 
 
 
Included in results of operations
5,175

 
 
53,730

Foreign currency impact
(231
)
 
 

Conversion

 
 
(51,890
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
76,511

 
 
$
67,787

The estimated fair values of our financial instruments have been determined by using available market information and what we believe to be appropriate valuation methodologies. We use the following methods and assumptions in estimating fair value:
Contingent consideration – We estimate the fair value of the contingent consideration utilizing a discounted cash flow model for the expected payments based on estimated timing and expected revenues. We use several discount rates depending on each type of contingent consideration related to OPKO Diagnostics, CURNA, OPKO Health Europe and OPKO Renal transactions. The discount rates used range from 6% to 27% and were based on the weighted average cost of capital for those businesses. If the discount rates were to increase by 1%, on each transaction, the contingent consideration would decrease by $1.7 million. If estimated future sales were to decrease by 10%, the contingent consideration related to OPKO Renal would decrease by $2.0 million. As of March 31, 2015, of the $76.5 million of contingent consideration, $52.8 million is recorded in Accrued expenses and $23.7 million is recorded in Other long-term liabilities. As of December 31, 2014, of the $71.6 million of contingent consideration, $27.4 million is recorded in Accrued expenses and $44.2 million is recorded in Other long-term liabilities.
Deferred payments – We estimate the fair value of the deferred payments utilizing a discounted cash flow model for the expected payments.
Embedded conversion option – We estimate the fair value of the embedded conversion option related to the 2033 Senior Notes using a binomial lattice model. Refer to Note 6 for detail description of the binomial lattice model and the fair value assumptions used.


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NOTE 9 DERIVATIVE CONTRACTS
The following table summarizes the fair values and the presentation of our derivative financial instruments in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
(In thousands)
Balance Sheet Component
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Derivative financial instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock options/warrants
Investments, net
 
$
9,723

 
$
6,314

Embedded conversion option
2033 Senior Notes, net of discount and estimated fair value of embedded derivatives
 
$
67,787

 
$
65,947

Forward contracts
Gains on forward contracts are recorded in Prepaid expenses and other current assets. Losses on forward contracts are recorded in Accrued expenses.
 
$
14

 
$
36

We enter into foreign currency forward exchange contracts to cover the risk of exposure to exchange rate differences arising from inventory purchases on letters of credit. Under these forward contracts, for any rate above or below the fixed rate, we receive or pay the difference between the spot rate and the fixed rate for the given amount at the settlement date.
To qualify the derivative instrument as a hedge, we are required to meet strict hedge effectiveness and contemporaneous documentation requirements at the initiation of the hedge and assess the hedge effectiveness on an ongoing basis over the life of the hedge. At March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, our derivative financial instruments do not meet the documentation requirements to be designated as hedges. Accordingly, we recognize the changes in Fair value of derivative instruments, net in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The following table summarizes the losses and gains recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2015
 
2014
Derivative gain (loss):
 
 
 
 
Common Stock options/warrants (1)
 
$
3,871

 
$
596

2033 Senior Notes
 
(53,730
)
 
(11,112
)
Forward contracts
 
71

 
143

Total
 
$
(49,788
)
 
$
(10,373
)
(1) 
Amount for 2014 includes the Pharmsynthez Note Receivable and the Purchase Option.
The outstanding forward contracts at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, have been recorded at fair value, and their maturity details are as follows:
(In thousands)
Days until maturity
 
Contract value
 
Fair value at
 March 31, 2015
 
Effect on income (loss)
0 to 30
 
$

 
$

 
$

31 to 60
 
28

 
30

 
2

61 to 90
 
792

 
797

 
5

91 to 120
 
893

 
898

 
5

More than 120
 
433

 
435

 
2

Total
 
$
2,146

 
$
2,160

 
$
14


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(In thousands)
Days until maturity
 
Contract value
 
Fair value at
 December 31, 2014
 
Effect on income (loss)
0 to 30
 
$
750

 
$
780

 
$
30

31 to 60
 
90

 
93

 
3

61 to 90
 

 

 

91 to 120
 
68

 
71

 
3

121 to 180
 

 

 

More than 180
 

 

 

Total
 
$
908

 
$
944

 
$
36

NOTE 10 RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

In February 2014, Dr. Frost, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, paid a filing fee of $280,000 to the Federal Trade Commission (the "FTC") under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (“HSR Act”) in connection with filings made by us and Dr. Frost. We reimbursed Dr. Frost for the HSR filing fee.
In August 2013, we acquired OPKO Biologics (formerly PROLOR) pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of April 23, 2013 in an all-stock transaction.  Until completion of the acquisition, Dr. Frost was PROLOR’s Chairman of the Board and a greater than 5% stockholder of PROLOR. Dr. Hsiao and Mr. Rubin were also directors and less than 5% stockholders of PROLOR. 
In January 2013, we sold $175.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2033 Senior Notes in a private placement in reliance on exemptions from registration under the Securities Act. The Purchasers of the 2033 Senior Notes include the Gamma Trust and Hsu Gamma. The 2033 Senior Notes were issued on January 30, 2013.
During the three months ended March 31, 2014, FineTech recorded revenue of $0.1 million, respectively, for the sale of APIs to Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Limited (“Teva”). Dr. Frost previously served as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Teva until 2015. No revenue was recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2015.
In 2012, we made a $1.7 million investment in Biozone. Effective January 2, 2014, Biozone completed a merger with Cocrystal Discovery, Inc. (“Cocrystal”), another entity in which we had an equity investment. The name of the issuer was changed to Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. ("COCP"). Dr. Frost previously invested in both Biozone and Cocrystal. Effective January 16, 2014, we invested an additional $0.5 million in the company as part of a $2.75 million private placement and received 1.0 million shares of common stock and 1.0 million 10-year warrants exercisable at $0.50 per share. At March 2015, we hold an 8% ownership interest in COCP.
We hold investments in Zebra (ownership 27%), Sevion (4%), Neovasc (5%), ChromaDex Corporation (2%) and ARNO (4%). The acquisition of these investments were considered related party transactions as a result of our executive management’s ownership interests and/or board representation in these entities. See further discussion of our investments in Note 5.
We lease office space from Frost Real Estate Holdings, LLC (“Frost Holdings”) in Miami, Florida, where our principal executive offices are located. Effective January 1, 2014, we entered into a new lease agreement with Frost Holdings. The lease, as amended on July 28, 2014, is for approximately 22,000 square feet of space. The lease provides for payments of approximately $57 thousand per month in the first year increasing annually to $65 thousand per month in the fifth year, plus applicable sales tax. As in the original lease, the rent is inclusive of operating expenses, property taxes and parking. The rent will be reduced by $216 thousand for the cost of tenant improvements, of which approximately $113 thousand and $103 thousand will be credited against rent payments in 2014 and 2015, respectively.
We reimburse Dr. Frost for Company-related use by Dr. Frost and our other executives of an airplane owned by a company that is beneficially owned by Dr. Frost. Prior to 2015, we reimbursed Dr. Frost in an amount equal to the cost of a first class airline ticket between the travel cities for each executive, including Dr. Frost, traveling on the airplane for Company-related business. Beginning in the first quarter of 2015, we reimburse Dr. Frost for out-of-pocket operating costs for the use of the airplane by Dr. Frost or Company executives for Company-related business. We do not reimburse Dr. Frost for personal use of the airplane by Dr. Frost or any other executive. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, we recognized approximately $126 thousand and $17 thousand, respectively, for Company-related travel by Dr. Frost and other OPKO executives.

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Table of Contents

NOTE 11 COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
In connection with our acquisitions of CURNA, OPKO Diagnostics, OPKO Health Europe, and OPKO Renal, we agreed to pay future consideration to the sellers upon the achievement of certain events. As a result, as of March 31, 2015, we recorded $76.5 million as contingent consideration, with $52.8 million recorded within Accrued expenses and $23.7 million recorded within Other long-term liabilities in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Refer to Note 4. In addition, in connection with our asset purchase agreement with Schering Plough Corporation, now Merck & Co. (“Merck”), we are required to pay up to an additional $25.0 million upon the achievement of certain development milestones. Future payments to be made under the agreement with Merck will be recognized when the milestones are achieved and consideration is issued or becomes issuable. Refer to Note 12.
In July 2012, OPKO Lab received a letter from AdvanceMed Corporation (“AdvanceMed”) regarding a post-payment review conducted by AdvanceMed (the “Post-Payment Review Letter”). The Post-Payment Review Letter originated with a post payment review audit by AdvanceMed of 183 claims submitted by OPKO Lab to the Medicare program. OPKO Lab believes that its billing practices were appropriate and it is following the appeal process set forth by Medicare. OPKO Lab received a partially favorable determination, which reduced the amount of the alleged overpayment, and it continues to appeal the remaining alleged overpayments. No assurances can be given about the outcome of the appeal.
On or around October 21, 2014, we received a Civil Investigative Demand (“Demand”) from the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Middle District of Tennessee (“Attorney’s Office”). The Demand concerns an investigation of allegations that the Company or one of its affiliated entities or other parties submitted false claims for payment related to services provided to government healthcare program beneficiaries in violation of the False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C. Section 3729. We intend to fully cooperate with the investigation and produce documents responsive to the Demand. It is too early to assess the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome in this matter or the loss or range of loss, if any.
We accrue a liability for legal contingencies when we believe that it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and that we can reasonably estimate the amount of the loss. We review these accruals and adjust them to reflect ongoing negotiations, settlements, rulings, advice of legal counsel and other relevant information. To the extent new information is obtained and our views on the probable outcomes of claims, suits, assessments, investigations or legal proceedings change, changes in our accrued liabilities would be recorded in the period in which such determination is made. For the matters referenced in the paragraph below, the amount of liability is not probable or the amount cannot be reasonably estimated; and, therefore, accruals have not been made. In addition, in accordance with the relevant authoritative guidance, for matters which the likelihood of material loss is at least reasonably possible, we provide disclosure of the possible loss or range of loss; however, if a reasonable estimate cannot be made, we will provide disclosure to that effect.
We are a party to other litigation in the ordinary course of business. We do not believe that any such litigation will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.
We expect to incur substantial losses as we continue the development of our product candidates, continue our other research and development activities, and establish a sales and marketing infrastructure in anticipation of the commercialization of our diagnostic and pharmaceutical product candidates. We currently have limited commercialization capabilities, and it is possible that we may never successfully commercialize any of our diagnostic and pharmaceutical product candidates. We do not currently generate significant revenue from any of our diagnostic and pharmaceutical product candidates. Our research and development activities are budgeted to expand over a period of time and will require further resources if we are to be successful. As a result, we believe that our operating losses are likely to be substantial over the next several years. We may need to obtain additional funds to further develop our research and development programs, and there can be no assurance that additional capital will be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all.
At March 31, 2015, we were committed to make future purchases for inventory and other items that occur in the ordinary course of business under various purchase arrangements with fixed purchase provisions aggregating $13.9 million.

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NOTE 12 STRATEGIC ALLIANCES
Pfizer Inc.
We plan to develop a portfolio of product candidates through a combination of internal development and external partnerships. In December 2014, we entered into an exclusive worldwide agreement with Pfizer Inc. (“Pfizer”) for the development and commercialization of our long-acting hGH-CTP for the treatment of growth hormone deficiency (“GHD”) in adults and children, as well as for the treatment of growth failure in children born small for gestational age (“SGA”) (the “Pfizer Transaction”).
The Pfizer Transaction closed in January 2015 following the termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act. Under the terms of the Pfizer Transaction, we received non-refundable and non-creditable upfront payments of $295.0 million and are eligible to receive up to an additional $275.0 million upon the achievement of certain regulatory milestones. Pfizer received the exclusive license to commercialize hGH-CTP worldwide. In addition, we are eligible to receive initial royalty payments associated with the commercialization of hGH-CTP for Adult GHD. Upon the launch of hGH-CTP for Pediatric GHD, the royalties will transition to a regional, tiered gross profit sharing for both hGH-CTP and Pfizer’s Genotropin®.
We will lead the clinical activities and will be responsible for funding the development programs for the key indications, which includes Adult and Pediatric GHD and Pediatric SGA. Pfizer will be responsible for all development costs for additional indications as well as all post-marketing studies. In addition, Pfizer will fund the commercialization activities for all indications and lead the manufacturing activities covered by the global development plan.
For revenue recognition purposes, we viewed the Pfizer Transaction as a multiple-element arrangement. Multiple-element arrangements are analyzed to determine whether the various performance obligations, or elements, can be separated or whether they must be accounted for as a single unit of accounting. We evaluated whether the delivered element under the arrangement has standalone value and qualifies for treatment as a separate unit of accounting. Deliverables that do not meet these criteria are not evaluated separately for the purpose of revenue recognition. For a single unit of accounting, payments received are recognized in a manner consistent with the final deliverable. We determined that the deliverables under the Pfizer Transaction, including the licenses granted to Pfizer, as well as our obligations to provide various research and development services, will be accounted for as a single unit of account. This determination was made because the ongoing research and development services to be provided by us are essential to the overall arrangement as we have significant knowledge and technical know-how that is important to realizing the value of the licenses granted. The performance period over which the revenue will be recognized is expected to continue from the first quarter of 2015 through 2019, when we anticipate completing the various research and development services that are specified in the Pfizer Transaction and our performance obligations are completed. We will continue to review the timing of when our research and development services will be completed in order to assess that the estimated performance period over which the revenue is to be recognized is appropriate. Any significant changes in the timing of the performance period will result in a change in the revenue recognition period.
We are recognizing the non-refundable $295.0 million upfront payments on a straight-line basis over the performance period. We recognized $12.5 million of revenue related to the Pfizer Transaction in Revenue from transfer of intellectual property in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations during the three months ended March 31, 2015, and had deferred revenue related to the Pfizer Transaction of $282.5 million at March 31, 2015. As of March 31, 2015, $70.6 million of deferred revenue related to the Pfizer Transaction was classified in Accrued expenses and $211.9 million was classified in Other long-term liabilities in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Income tax expense was primarily attributable to taxable income recognized from the Pfizer Transaction and related transactions during the three months ended March 31, 2015. Included in income tax expense is an accrual of $2.3 million related to uncertain tax positions involving income recognition. We recognize that local tax law is inherently complex and the local taxing authorities may not agree with certain tax positions taken. Consequently, it is reasonably possible that the ultimate resolution of these matters in any jurisdiction may be significantly more or less than estimated. We evaluated the estimated tax exposure for a range of current likely outcomes to be from $0 to approximately $50.0 million and recorded our accrual to reflect our best expectation of ultimate resolution.
The Pfizer Transaction includes milestone payments of $275.0 million upon the achievement of certain milestones. The milestones range from $20.0 million to $90.0 million each and are based on achievement of regulatory approval in the U.S. and regulatory approval and price approval in other major markets. We evaluated each of these milestone payments and believe that all of the milestones are substantive as (i) there is substantive uncertainty at the close of the Pfizer Transaction that the milestones would be achieved as approval from a regulatory authority must be received to achieve the milestones which would be commensurate with the enhancement of value of the underlying intellectual property, (ii) the milestones relate solely to past performance and (iii) the amount of the milestone is reasonable in relation to the effort expended and the risk associated with

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the achievement of the milestone. The milestone payments will be recognized as revenue in full in the period in which the associated milestone is achieved, assuming all other revenue recognition criteria are met. To date, no revenue has been recognized related to the achievement of the milestones.
In the first quarter of 2015, we made a payment of $25.9 million to the Office of the Chief Scientist of the Israeli Ministry of Economy (“OCS”) in connection with repayment obligations resulting from grants previously made by the OCS to OPKO Biologics to support development of hGH-CTP and the outlicense of the technology outside of Israel. We recognized the $25.9 million payment in Grant repayment expense in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations during the three months ended March 31, 2015.
TESARO
In November 2009, we entered into an asset purchase agreement (the “NK-1 Agreement”) under which we acquired rolapitant and other neurokinin-1 (“NK-1”) assets from Merck. In December 2010, we entered into an exclusive license agreement with TESARO, in which we out-licensed the development, manufacture, commercialization and distribution of our lead NK-1 candidate, rolapitant (the “TESARO License”). Under the terms of the TESARO License, we are eligible for payments of up to $121.0 million, including an up-front payment of $6.0 million, which has been received, and additional payments based upon achievement of specified regulatory and commercialization milestones. To date, $5.0 million has been recognized related to the achievement of milestones under the TESARO License. During the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, no revenue has been recognized related to the achievement of the milestones under the TESARO License. TESARO will also pay us double digit tiered royalties on sales of licensed products. We will share future profits from the commercialization of licensed products in Japan with TESARO and we will have an option to market the products in Latin America.
Under the terms of the NK-1 Agreement, we are required to pay up to an additional $25.0 million upon achievement of certain development milestones. Future payments to be made under the NK-1 Agreement will be recognized when the milestones are achieved and consideration is issued or becomes issuable.
RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation
In March 2013, we completed the sale to RXi of substantially all of our assets in the field of RNA interference (the “RNAi Assets”) (collectively, the “Asset Purchase Agreement”). Pursuant to the Asset Purchase Agreement, RXi will be required to pay us up to $50.0 million in milestone payments upon the successful development and commercialization of each drug developed by RXi, certain of its affiliates or any of its or their licensees or sublicensees utilizing patents included within the RNAi Assets (each, a “Qualified Drug”). In addition, RXi will also be required to pay us royalties equal to: (a) a mid single-digit percentage of “Net Sales” (as defined in the Asset Purchase Agreement) with respect to each Qualified Drug sold for an ophthalmologic use during the applicable “Royalty Period” (as defined in the Asset Purchase Agreement); and (b) a low single-digit percentage of net sales with respect to each Qualified Drug sold for a non-ophthalmologic use during the applicable Royalty Period.
Other
We have completed strategic deals with the UT Southwestern, Washington University, INEOS Healthcare, TSRI, the President and Fellows of Harvard College, and Academia Sinica, among others. In connection with these license agreements, upon the achievement of certain milestones we are obligated to make certain payments and have royalty obligations upon sales of products developed under the license agreements. At this time, we are unable to estimate the timing and amounts of payments as the obligations are based on future development of the licensed products.
NOTE 13 SEGMENTS
We currently manage our operations in two reportable segments, pharmaceuticals and diagnostics. The pharmaceuticals segment consists of two operating segments, our (i) pharmaceutical research and development segment which is focused on the research and development of pharmaceutical products, and vaccines, and (ii) the pharmaceutical operations we acquired in Chile, Mexico, Israel, Spain, Brazil, and Uruguay. The diagnostics segment consists of two operating segments, our (i) pathology operations we acquired through the acquisition of OPKO Lab and (ii) point-of-care and molecular diagnostics operations. There are no significant inter-segment sales. We evaluate the performance of each segment based on operating profit or loss. There is no inter-segment allocation of interest expense and income taxes.

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Information regarding our operations and assets for our operating segments and the unallocated corporate operations as well as geographic information are as follows:
 
For the three months ended March 31,
(In thousands)
2015
 
2014
Product revenues:
 
 
 
Pharmaceuticals
$
15,486

 
$
19,828

Diagnostics

 

Corporate

 

 
$
15,486

 
$
19,828

Revenue from services:
 
 
 
Pharmaceuticals
$

 
$

Diagnostics
2,009

 
1,910

Corporate
60

 
60

 
$
2,069

 
$
1,970

Revenue from transfer of intellectual property:
 
 
 
Pharmaceuticals
$
12,529

 
$
285

Diagnostics

 
191

Corporate

 

 
$
12,529

 
$
476

Operating (loss) income:
 
 
 
Pharmaceuticals
$
(37,924
)
 
$
(16,573
)
Diagnostics
(8,477
)
 
(7,078
)
Corporate
(9,979
)
 
(6,137
)
Less: Operating loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(534
)
 
(489
)
 
$
(56,914
)
 
$
(30,277
)
Depreciation and amortization:
 
 
 
Pharmaceuticals
$
1,756

 
$
1,849

Diagnostics
1,747

 
1,691

Corporate
22

 
24

 
$
3,525

 
$
3,564

Net loss from investment in investees:
 
 
 
Pharmaceuticals
$
(1,761
)
 
$
(2,056
)
Diagnostics

 

Corporate

 

 
$
(1,761
)
 
$
(2,056
)
Revenues:
 
 
 
United States
$
2,493

 
$
2,446

Ireland
12,104

 

Chile
6,452

 
7,285

Spain
3,937

 
6,150

Israel
4,213

 
4,546

Mexico
885

 
1,831

Other

 
16

 
$
30,084

 
$
22,274



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(In thousands)
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Assets:
 
 
 
Pharmaceuticals
$
1,098,031

 
$
1,064,498

Diagnostics
105,751

 
108,072

Corporate
308,467

 
95,094

 
$
1,512,249

 
$
1,267,664

Goodwill:

 

Pharmaceuticals
$
172,254

 
$
173,327

Diagnostics
50,965

 
50,965

Corporate

 

 
$
223,219

 
$
224,292


During the three months ended March 31, 2015, revenue recognized under the Pfizer Transaction represented 42% of our total revenue. Refer to Note 12. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, no customer represented more than 10% of our total revenue. As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, no customer represented more than 10% of our accounts receivable balance.
NOTE 14 SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
    
On April 1, 2015, we announced that our 2033 Senior Notes are convertible by holders of such notes. We have elected to satisfy our conversion obligation under the 2033 Senior Notes in shares of our Common Stock. This conversion right has been triggered because the closing price per share of our Common Stock has exceeded $9.19, or 130% of the initial conversion price of $7.07, for at least 20 of 30 consecutive trading days during the period ending on March 31, 2015. The 2033 Senior Notes will continue to be convertible until June 30, 2015, and may be convertible thereafter, if one or more of the conversion conditions specified in the Indenture, dated as of January 30, 2013, by and between the Company and Wells Fargo Bank N.A., is satisfied during future measurement periods. Pursuant to the Indenture, a holder who elects to convert the 2033 Senior Notes will receive 141.4827 shares of our Common Stock plus such number of additional shares as is applicable on the conversion date per $1,000 principal amount of 2033 Senior Notes based on the early conversion provisions in the Indenture.

On May 5, 2015, we entered into a series of purchase agreements (the “Agreements”) to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of EirGen Pharma Limited (“EirGen”), a private limited company incorporated in Ireland, for approximately $135 million in the aggregate. We acquired the outstanding shares of EirGen for approximately $100 million in cash and approximately $35 million in shares of our Common Stock (the “Stock Consideration”). The Stock Consideration consisted of 2,420,487 shares of our Common Stock based on the average closing sales price per share of our Common Stock as reported by the New York Stock Exchange for the ten trading days immediately preceding the execution date of Agreements, or $14.39 per share. Due to the limited time since the acquisition date, the preliminary acquisition valuation for the business combination is incomplete at this time. As a result, we are unable to provide the amounts recognized as of the acquisition date for the major classes of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, including the information required for the valuation of intangible assets and goodwill. Because the initial accounting for the business combination is incomplete, we are unable to provide the pro forma revenue and earnings of the combined entity. We will include this information in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended June 30, 2015.

We have reviewed all subsequent events and transactions that occurred after the date of our March 31, 2015 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet date, through the time of filing this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
OVERVIEW
You should read this discussion together with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, related Notes, and other financial information included elsewhere in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 (the “Form 10-K”). The following discussion contains assumptions, estimates and other forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties, including those discussed under “Risk Factors,” in Part II, Item 1A of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, and described from time to time in our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These risks could cause our actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.
We are a multi-national biopharmaceutical and diagnostics company that seeks to establish industry-leading positions in large and rapidly growing medical markets by leveraging our discovery, development and commercialization expertise and our novel and proprietary technologies. We are developing a range of solutions to diagnose, treat and prevent various conditions, including point-of-care tests, laboratory developed tests, and proprietary pharmaceuticals and vaccines. We plan to commercialize these solutions on a global basis in large and high growth markets, including emerging markets.
We own established pharmaceutical platforms in Spain, Chile, Mexico, and Uruguay which are generating revenue and from which we expect to generate positive cash flow and facilitate future market entry for our products currently in development. We also have established pharmaceutical operations in Brazil. We operate a specialty active pharmaceutical ingredients (“APIs”) manufacturer in Israel, which we expect will facilitate the development of our pipeline of molecules and compounds for our proprietary products. In the U.S., we own a laboratory certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988, as amended (“CLIA”), with a urologic focus that generates revenue and serves as the commercial platform for the U.S. launch of the 4Kscore.
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
On May 5, 2015, we entered into a series of purchase agreements (the “Agreements”) to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of EirGen Pharma Limited (“EirGen”), a private limited company incorporated in Ireland, for approximately $135 million in the aggregate. We acquired the outstanding shares of EirGen for approximately $100 million in cash and approximately $35 million in shares of our Common Stock (the “Stock Consideration”). The Stock Consideration consisted of 2,420,487 shares of our Common Stock based on the average closing sales price per share of our Common Stock as reported by the New York Stock Exchange for the ten trading days immediately preceding the execution date of Agreements, or $14.39 per share.
In January 2015, we partnered with Pfizer through a worldwide agreement for the development and commercialization of our long-acting hGH-CTP for the treatment of GHD in adults and children, as well as for the treatment of growth failure in children born SGA (the “Pfizer Transaction”). hGH-CTP has the potential to reduce the required dosing frequency of human growth hormone to a single weekly injection from the current standard of one injection per day. hGH-CTP is currently in a global phase 3 trial in adults and a global phase 2 trial in children and has orphan drug designation in the U.S. and Europe for both adults and children with GHD.
The Pfizer Transaction closed in January 2015 following the termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act. Under the terms of the Pfizer Transaction, we received non-refundable and non-creditable upfront payments of $295 million in the first quarter of 2015 and are eligible to receive up to an additional $275 million upon the achievement of certain regulatory milestones. Pfizer received the exclusive license to commercialize hGH-CTP worldwide. In addition, we are eligible to receive initial royalty payments associated with the commercialization of hGH-CTP for Adult GHD. Upon the launch of hGH-CTP for Pediatric GHD, the royalties will transition to a regional, tiered gross profit sharing for both hGH-CTP and Pfizer’s Genotropin®.
We will lead the clinical activities and will be responsible for funding the development programs for the key indications, which includes Adult and Pediatric GHD and Pediatric SGA. Pfizer will be responsible for all development costs for additional indications as well as all post-marketing studies. In addition, Pfizer will fund the commercialization activities for all indications and lead the manufacturing activities covered by the global development plan.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2015 AND 2014
Revenues. Revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2015, were $30.1 million, compared to $22.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The increase in revenue principally reflects $12.5 million of revenue from the transfer of intellectual property for the three months ended March 31, 2015 related to the Pfizer Transaction, which was partially offset by a decrease in pharmaceutical product revenue from our European and Mexican operations. During the first quarter of 2015, sales at OPKO Health Europe were affected by sales to a customer while we negotiated a long-term supply agreement, and sales at OPKO Mexico were negatively impacted by a planned plant shutdown. We are recognizing the non-refundable $295.0 million upfront payments received in the Pfizer Transaction on a straight-line basis over the expected performance period. The performance period is expected to continue through 2019, when we anticipate completing the various research and development services that are specified in the Pfizer Transaction.
Costs of revenue. Costs of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2015, were $10.3 million, compared to $12.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014. Costs of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2015 decreased principally due to decreased pharmaceutical product sales.
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, were $17.4 million and $13.8 million, respectively. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was primarily due to increased personnel expenses including equity based compensation as we expand our sales, marketing and administrative staff and add infrastructure. Selling, general and administrative expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, include equity-based compensation expense of $3.8 million and $2.0 million, respectively.
Research and development expenses. Research and development expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, were $25.5 million and $21.0 million, respectively. Research and development costs include external and internal expenses, partially offset by third-party grants and funding arising from collaboration agreements. External expenses include clinical and non-clinical activities performed by contract research organizations, lab services, purchases of drug and diagnostic product materials and manufacturing development costs. We track external research and development expenses by individual program for phase 3 clinical trials for drug approval and PMA's (pre-market approval) for diagnostics tests, if any. Internal expenses include employee-related expenses including salaries, benefits and stock-based compensation expense. Other unallocated internal research and development expenses are incurred to support overall research and development activities and include expenses related to general overhead and facilities.
The following table summarizes the components of our research and development expenses:
 
For the three months ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
External expenses:
 
 
 
Phase 3 clinical trials
$
3,283

 
$
3,047

CMC expense for biological products
6,353

 
5,465

Earlier-stage programs
2,766

 
1,710

Research and development employee-related expenses
8,205

 
5,839

Other unallocated internal research and development expenses
5,362

 
5,437

Third-party grants and funding from collaboration agreements
(466
)
 
(504
)
Total research and development expenses
$
25,503

 
$
20,994

The increase in research and development expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2015, is primarily due to a $3.5 million increase in research and development expenses at OPKO Biologics related to hGH-CTP, a long acting human growth hormone which was outlicensed to Pfizer in 2015, including clinical manufacturing costs (“CMC”). In addition, during the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, we recorded, as an offset to research and development expenses, $0.5 million and $0.5 million, respectively, related to research and development grants received from our collaboration and funding agreements. Research and development expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 include equity-based compensation expense of $3.5 million and $1.6 million, respectively. We expect our research and development expense to increase as we continue to expand our research and development of potential future products.

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Contingent consideration. Contingent consideration expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, were $5.2 million and $2.6 million, respectively. The increase in contingent consideration expense was primarily attributable to an increase in the fair value of our contingent obligations to the former stockholders of OPKO Renal due to the time value of money. The contingent consideration liabilities at March 31, 2015 relate to potential amounts payable to former stockholders of CURNA, OPKO Diagnostics, OPKO Health Europe and OPKO Renal pursuant to our acquisition agreements in January 2011, October 2011, August 2012 and March 2013, respectively.
Amortization of intangible assets. Amortization of intangible assets for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, were $2.7 million and $2.7 million, respectively. Amortization expense reflects the amortization of acquired intangible assets with defined useful lives. The acquisitions of OPKO Renal and OPKO Biologics resulted in principally acquiring IPR&D assets which will not be amortized until the underlying development programs are completed. Upon obtaining regulatory approval by the U.S. FDA, the IPR&D assets will then be accounted for as a finite-lived intangible asset and amortized on a straight-line basis over its estimated useful life.
Grant repayment. In the first quarter of 2015, we made a payment of $25.9 million to the Office of the Chief Scientist of the Israeli Ministry of Economy (“OCS”) in connection with repayment obligations resulting from grants previously made by the OCS to OPKO Biologics to support development of hGH-CTP and the outlicense of the technology outside of Israel.
Interest income. Interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, was not significant as our cash investment strategy emphasizes the security of the principal invested and fulfillment of liquidity needs.
Interest expense. Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, was $2.6 million and $3.5 million, respectively. Interest expense is principally related to interest incurred on the 2033 Senior Notes and by the amortization of related deferred financing costs. The decrease in interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the same period in 2014 is due to a decrease in the principal amount of 2033 Senior Notes outstanding from $158.1 million at March 31, 2014 to $51.2 million as of March 31, 2015, which was partially offset by a non-cash write-off of deferred financing costs of $0.7 million as interest expense related to exchange of $36.4 million principal of 2033 Senior Notes in March 2015.
Fair value changes of derivative instruments, net. Fair value changes of derivative instruments, net for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, were $49.8 million and $10.4 million of expense, respectively. Fair value changes of derivative instruments, net principally related to non-cash expense related to the changes in the fair value of the embedded derivatives in the 2033 Senior Notes of $53.7 million and $11.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2015, we observed an increase in the market price of our Common Stock which primarily resulted in the increase in the estimated fair value of our embedded derivatives in the 2033 Senior Notes. Expense for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was partially offset by income of $3.9 million related to the change in the fair value of options and warrants to purchase additional shares of Neovasc and COCP.
Other income and (expense), net. Other income and (expense), net for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, were $(1.5) million and $1.7 million, respectively. The decrease in other income and (expense), net for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the same period in 2014 is primarily due to foreign currency transaction losses and a $0.3 million loss recognized in March 2015 as a result of the exchange of $36.4 million principal of 2033 Senior Notes and a $1.3 million gain recognized in the first quarter of 2014 from sales of our available for sale investments.
Loss from investments in investees. We have made investments in other early stage companies that we perceive to have valuable proprietary technology and significant potential to create value for us as a shareholder or member. We account for these investments under the equity method of accounting, resulting in the recording of our proportionate share of their losses until our share of their loss exceeds our investment. Until the investees’ technologies are commercialized, if ever, we anticipate they will continue to report a net loss. Loss from investments in investees was $1.8 million and $2.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The decrease in loss from investments in investees is primarily due to decreased losses from our portfolio companies. In addition, during the third quarter of 2014, we discontinued applying the equity method of accounting for RXi and account for our investment in RXi as an available for sale investment. This was partially offset by increased losses from COCP for the three months ended March 31, 2015.
Income taxes. Our income tax provision reflects the projected income tax payable in Ireland, Israel, Chile, Spain, Mexico, and Luxembourg. The increase in income tax expense was primarily attributable to taxable income recognized from the Pfizer Transaction during the three months ended March 31, 2015. We have recorded a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets in the U.S.

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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
At March 31, 2015, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $348.2 million. Cash provided by operations during 2015 principally reflects the $295.0 million upfront payments recognized from the Pfizer Transaction, partially offset by a payment of $25.9 million to the OCS for obligations from grants previously made by the OCS to OPKO Biologics, expenses related to selling, general and administrative activities related to our corporate operations, research and development activities and our operations at OPKO Biologics, OPKO Renal and OPKO Diagnostics. We recognized $12.5 million of revenue related to the $295.0 million upfront payments during the three months ended March 31, 2015, and had deferred $282.5 million at March 31, 2015. Cash used in investing activities includes capital expenditures of $0.4 million. Cash provided by financing activities primarily reflects $12.7 million received from Common Stock option and Common Stock warrant exercises. Since our inception, we have not generated gross margins sufficient to offset our operating and other expenses and our primary source of cash has been from the public and private placement of stock and credit facilities available to us.
In January 2015, we partnered with Pfizer through a worldwide agreement for the development and commercialization of our long-acting hGH-CTP for the treatment of GHD in adults and children, as well as for the treatment of growth failure in children born SGA.
The transactions with Pfizer closed in January 2015 following the termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act. Under the terms of the agreements with Pfizer, we received non-refundable and non-creditable upfront payments of $295 million in the first quarter of 2015 and are eligible to receive up to an additional $275 million upon the achievement of certain regulatory milestones. Pfizer received the exclusive license to commercialize hGH-CTP worldwide. In addition, we are eligible to receive initial royalty payments associated with the commercialization of hGH-CTP for Adult GHD. Upon the launch of hGH-CTP for Pediatric GHD, the royalties will transition to a regional, tiered gross profit sharing for both hGH-CTP and Pfizer’s Genotropin®.
We will lead the clinical activities and will be responsible for funding the development programs for the key indications, which includes Adult and Pediatric GHD and Pediatric SGA. Pfizer will be responsible for all development costs for additional indications as well as all post-marketing studies. In addition, Pfizer will fund the commercialization activities for all indications and lead the manufacturing activities covered by the global development plan.
In the first quarter of 2015, we made a payment of $25.9 million to the OCS in connection with repayment obligations resulting from grants previously made by the OCS to OPKO Biologics to support development of hGH-CTP and from the outlicense of the technology outside of Israel.
On May 5, 2015, we entered into a series of purchase agreements (the “Agreements”) to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of EirGen Pharma Limited (“EirGen”), a private limited company incorporated in Ireland, for approximately $135 million in the aggregate. We acquired the outstanding shares of EirGen for approximately $100 million in cash and approximately $35 million in shares of our Common Stock (the “Stock Consideration”). The Stock Consideration consisted of 2,420,487 shares of our Common Stock based on the average closing sales price per share of our Common Stock as reported by the New York Stock Exchange for the ten trading days immediately preceding the execution date of Agreements, or $14.39 per share.
Our licensee, TESARO submitted a New Drug Application (NDA) to the FDA for approval of oral rolapitant, an investigational neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist in development for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, which was accepted by the U.S. FDA in the fourth quarter 2014. Under the terms of the TESARO License, we are eligible for future payments of up to $110.0 million based upon achievement of specified regulatory and commercialization milestones. In addition, we will receive double digit tiered-royalties on sales of rolapitant. TESARO and OPKO will share future profits from the commercialization of rolapitant in Japan, and we will have an option to market the products in Latin America. Under the terms of our agreement with Merck, we are required to pay up to $25.0 million upon the achievement of certain development milestones for rolapitant.
2033 Senior Notes. In January 2013, we issued $175.0 million of the 2033 Senior Notes. The 2033 Senior Notes were sold in a private placement in reliance on exemptions from registration under the Securities Act. A $4.5 million discount was granted to the placement agent and an additional $0.4 million in deferred charges were recorded for professional fees related to the issuance. Net cash proceeds from the offering totaled $170.2 million. Interest on the 2033 Senior Notes is payable semiannually on February 1 and August 1, beginning August 1, 2013. Holders of the 2033 Senior Notes may require us to repurchase the 2033 Senior Notes for 100% of their principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, on February 1, 2019, February 1, 2023 and February 1, 2028, or following the occurrence of a fundamental change as defined in the indenture governing the 2033 Senior Notes.

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In August 2013 and June 2014, holders exchanged or converted $16.9 million and $70.4 million principal amount of 2033 Senior Notes, respectively.
In March 2015, we entered into an exchange agreement with certain holders of the Company’s Notes pursuant to which such holders exchanged $36.4 million in aggregate principal amount of Notes for 5,363,896 shares of the Company’s Common Stock and approximately $0.2 million in cash representing accrued interest through the date of completion of the exchange.
In connection with our acquisitions of CURNA, OPKO Diagnostics, OPKO Health Europe and OPKO Renal, we agreed to pay future consideration to the sellers upon the achievement of certain events, including up to an additional $19.1 million in shares of our Common Stock to the former stockholders of OPKO Diagnostics upon and subject to the achievement of certain milestones; and up to an additional $170.0 million in either shares of our Common Stock or cash, at our option subject to the achievement of certain milestones, to the former shareholders of OPKO Renal.
As of March 31, 2015, we have outstanding lines of credit in the aggregate amount of $7.9 million with 8 financial institutions in Chile and Spain, of which $5.4 million is unused. The weighted average interest rate on these lines of credit is approximately 5.9%. These lines of credit are short-term and are generally due within three months. These lines of credit are used primarily as a source of working capital for inventory purchases. The highest balance at any time during the three months ended March 31, 2015, was $7.9 million. We intend to continue to enter into these lines of credit as needed. There is no assurance that these lines of credit or other funding sources will be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all, in the future.
We expect to incur losses from operations for the foreseeable future. We expect to incur substantial research and development expenses, including expenses related to the hiring of personnel and additional clinical trials. We expect that selling, general and administrative expenses will also increase as we expand our sales, marketing and administrative staff and add infrastructure.
We believe that the cash and cash equivalents on hand at March 31, 2015 and the amounts available to be borrowed under our lines of credit are sufficient to meet our anticipated cash requirements for operations and debt service beyond the next 12 months. We based this estimate on assumptions that may prove to be wrong or are subject to change, and we may be required to use our available cash resources sooner than we currently expect. If we acquire additional assets or companies, accelerate our product development programs or initiate additional clinical trials, we will need additional funds. Our future cash requirements will depend on a number of factors, including our relationship with Pfizer, possible acquisitions, the continued progress of research and development of our product candidates, the timing and outcome of clinical trials and regulatory approvals, the costs involved in preparing, filing, prosecuting, maintaining, defending, and enforcing patent claims and other intellectual property rights, the status of competitive products, the availability of financing, and our success in developing markets for our product candidates. If we are not able to secure additional funding when needed, we may have to delay, reduce the scope of, or eliminate one or more of our clinical trials or research and development programs or possible acquisitions.

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The following table provides information as of March 31, 2015, with respect to the amounts and timing of our known contractual obligation payments due by period.
Contractual obligations
(In thousands)
 
Remaining Nine Months ending December 31,
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Open purchase orders
 
$
13,934

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
13,934

Operating leases
 
2,049

 
2,525

 
1,602

 
1,180

 
660

 
974

 
8,990

2033 Senior Notes
 

 

 

 

 
51,200

 

 
51,200

Mortgages and other debts payable (1)
 
268

 
296

 
266

 
221

 
214

 
1,280

 
2,545

Lines of credit
 
7,893

 

 

 

 

 

 
7,893

Interest commitments
 
1,268

 
1,608

 
1,598

 
1,589

 
301

 
49

 
6,413

Total
 
$
25,412

 
$
4,429

 
$
3,466

 
$
2,990

 
$
52,375

 
$
2,303

 
$
90,975

(1) 
Excludes $5.3 million of consolidated liabilities related to SciVac, as to which there is no recourse against us.
The preceding table does not include information where the amounts of the obligations are not currently determinable, including the following:
- Contractual obligations in connection with clinical trials, which span over two years, and that depend on patient enrollment. The total amount of expenditures is dependent on the actual number of patients enrolled and as such, the contracts do not specify the maximum amount we may owe.
- Product license agreements effective during the lesser of 15 years or patent expiration whereby payments and amounts are determined by applying a royalty rate on uncapped future sales.
- Contingent consideration that includes payments upon achievement of certain milestones including meeting development milestones such as the completion of successful clinical trials, NDA approvals by the FDA and revenue milestones upon the achievement of certain revenue targets all of which are anticipated to be paid within the next 7 years and are payable in either shares of our Common Stock or cash, at our option, and that may aggregate up to $218.5 million.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
Accounting estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of sales and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets. Goodwill and other intangible assets, including IPR&D, acquired in business combinations, licensing and other transactions was $1.1 billion at both March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, representing approximately 71% and 85% of total assets, respectively.
Assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, licensing and other transactions are recognized at the date of acquisition at their respective fair values. Any excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired is recognized as goodwill. We determined the fair value of intangible assets, including IPR&D, using the “income method.” This method starts with a forecast of net cash flows, risk adjusted for estimated probabilities of technical and regulatory success (for IPR&D) and adjusted to present value using an appropriate discount rate that reflects the risk associated with the cash flow streams. All assets are valued from a market participant view which might be different than our specific views. The valuation process is very complex and requires significant input and judgment using internal and external sources. Although the valuations are required to be finalized within a one-year period, it must consider all and only those facts and evidence which existed at the acquisition date. The most complex and judgmental matters applicable to the valuation process are summarized below:
Unit of account – Most intangible assets are valued as single global assets rather than multiple assets for each jurisdiction or indication after considering the development stage, expected levels of incremental costs to obtain additional approvals, risks associated with further development, amount and timing of benefits expected to be derived in the future, expected patent lives in various jurisdictions and the intention to promote the asset as a global brand.

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Estimated useful life – The asset life expected to contribute meaningful cash flows is determined after considering all pertinent matters associated with the asset, including expected regulatory approval dates (if unapproved), exclusivity periods and other legal, regulatory or contractual provisions as well as the effects of any obsolescence, demand, competition, and other economic factors, including barriers to entry.
Probability of Technical and Regulatory Success (“PTRS”) Rate – PTRS rates are determined based upon industry averages considering the respective programs development stage and disease indication and adjusted for specific information or data known at the acquisition date. Subsequent clinical results or other internal or external data obtained could alter the PTRS rate and materially impact the estimated fair value of the intangible asset in subsequent periods leading to impairment charges.
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