Related Party Transactions
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2012
|Related Party Transactions [Abstract]|
|RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS||
NOTE 9 RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, our FineTech subsidiary recorded revenue of $0.2 million for the sale of APIs to Teva. Dr. Frost serves as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Teva.
In February 2012, we entered into a cooperative research funding and option agreement with The Scripps Research Institute (“TSRI”) to support research for the development of novel oligomeric compounds relating to our molecular diagnostics technology (the “Research Agreement”). Pursuant to the Research Agreement, we agreed to provide funding of approximately $0.9 million annually over a five year period. In conjunction with entering into the Research Agreement, we also entered into a license agreement with TSRI for technology relating to libraries of peptide tertiary amides. In addition, we entered into a second license with TSRI for technology relating to highly selective inhibitors of c-Jun-N-Terminal Kinases that may be useful for the treatment of various diseases, including Parkinson’s disease. Dr. Frost serves as a Trustee for TSRI and Dr. Lerner served as its President until December 2011.
In February 2012, we made a $1.0 million investment in ChromaDex. Other investors participating in the private financing included the Gamma Trust, Hsu Gamma, and Dr. Lerner. Mr. Curt Lockshin, our Vice President, Corporate R&D Initiatives, serves as a member of the Board of Directors of ChromaDex. Following our investment, we own 1.5% of ChromaDex, the Gamma Trust owns approximately 16% of ChromaDex; Hsu Gamma owns approximately 1%; and Dr. Lerner owns less than 1% of ChromaDex. Refer to Note 5.
In February 2012, we purchased from the BZNE Notes, convertible into BZNE common stock at a price equal to $0.20 per common share, which BZNE Notes are due and payable on February 24, 2014 and ten year warrants to purchase 8.5 million shares of BZNE common stock at an exercise price of $0.40 per share. Refer to Note 5.
Mr. Roberto Prego Novo is the Chairman of BZNE and presently serves as a consultant to us. Dr. Frost and Mr. Prego Novo previously invested in BZNE in February and March, 2011. On May 16, 2011, BZNE acquired the assets and assumed the liabilities of Aero Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Aero”) in exchange for which BZNE issued an aggregate of 8,331,396 shares of its restricted common stock to Aero. On September 21, 2011, BZNE issued an additional 13,914 shares to Aero due to the late filing of a registration statement. Prior to the transaction, Dr. Frost, through the Gamma Trust, beneficially owned approximately 46% of Aero’s issued and outstanding common stock; Mr. Prego Novo owned approximately 23% of Aero’s issued and outstanding common stock through Olyrca Trust; and Dr. Hsiao beneficially owned approximately 12% of Aero’s issued and outstanding common stock. Each of Drs. Frost and Hsiao and Mr. Prego Novo beneficially owned approximately 9.2%, 1.7%, and 8.2% of BZNE, respectively, following the purchase of Aero by BZNE. Mr. Rubin beneficially own less than 1% of BZNE as a result of his prior ownership of Aero shares. In April 2012 and June 2012, Dr. Frost, through the Gamma Trust, also made loans to BZNE in the principal amounts of $0.3million and $0.1 million, respectively, which were initially secured by a first priority lien on particular BZNE receivables. The notes to Frost Gamma were subsequently amended and Frost Gamma no longer holds a security interest in the BZNE receivables.
In August 2011, we made an investment in Neovasc. Refer to Note 5. Dr. Frost and other members of our management are shareholders of Neovasc. Prior to the investment, Dr. Frost beneficially owned approximately 36% of Neovasc, Dr. Hsiao owned approximately 6%, and Mr. Rubin owned less than 1%. Dr. Hsiao and Mr. Rubin also serve on the Board of Directors for Neovasc.
In March 2011, we issued 27,000,000 shares of our Common Stock. The 27,000,000 shares of our Common Stock issued included an aggregate of 3,733,000 shares purchased by the Gamma Trust and Hsu Gamma at the public offering price. The Gamma Trust purchased an aggregate of 3,200,000 shares for approximately $12.0 million, and Hsu Gamma purchased an aggregate of 533,000 shares for approximately $1.9 million. Jefferies & Company, Inc. and J.P. Morgan Securities LLC acted as joint book-running managers for the offering. UBS Investment Bank and Lazard Capital Markets LLC acted as co-lead managers for the offering and Ladenburg Thalmann & Co. Inc., a subsidiary of Ladenburg Thalmann Financial Services Inc., acted as co-manager for the offering. Dr. Frost is the Chairman of the Board of Directors and principal shareholder of Ladenburg Thalmann Financial Services Inc.
In January 2011, we entered into a definitive agreement with CURNA, Inc. (“CURNA”) and each of CURNA’s stockholders and option holders, pursuant to which we agreed to acquire all of the outstanding stock of CURNA in exchange for $10.0 million in cash, plus $0.6 million in liabilities, of which $0.5 million was paid at closing. At the time of the transaction, TSRI owned approximately 4% of CURNA.
We had a $12.0 million line of credit with the Frost Group, LLC (the “Frost Group”) which expired on March 31, 2012. The Frost Group members include a trust controlled by Dr. Frost, who is the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of our Board of Directors, Dr. Hsiao, who is the Vice Chairman of our Board of Directors and Chief Technical Officer and Mr. Rubin who is Executive Vice President — Administration and a director of the Company. On June 2, 2010 we repaid all amounts outstanding on the line of credit including $12.0 million in principal and $4.1 million in interest. We did not have any borrowings under the line of credit at any time during 2011 and 2012. We were obligated to pay interest upon maturity, capitalized quarterly, on any outstanding borrowings under the line of credit at an 11% annual rate. The line of credit was collateralized by all of our U.S. personal property except our intellectual property.
In November 2010, we made an investment in Fabrus. In exchange for the investment, we acquired approximately 13% of Fabrus on a fully diluted basis. Our investment was part of a $2.1 million financing for Fabrus. Other investors participating in the financing include the Gamma Trust and Hsu Gamma. In connection with the financing, Drs. Frost and Hsiao joined the Fabrus Board of Managers. Dr. Lerner owns approximately 5% of Fabrus. Mr. Vaughn Smider, Founder and CEO of Fabrus, is an Assistant Professor at TSRI. Dr. Frost serves as a Trustee for TSRI and Dr. Lerner served as President of TSRI until December 2011.
In July 2010, we entered into a use agreement for approximately 1,100 square feet of space in Jupiter, Florida to house our molecular diagnostics operations with TSRI. Pursuant to the terms of the use agreement, which was effective as of November 1, 2009, gross rent was approximately $40 thousand per year for a two-year term. We ceased use of this space in September 2011.
In June 2010, we entered into a cooperative research and development agreement with Academia Sinica in Taipei, Taiwan (“Academia Sinica”), for pre-clinical work for a compound against various forms of cancer (the “Academia Sinica Agreement”). Dr. Alice Yu, a member of our Board of Directors, is a Distinguished Research Fellow and Associate Director at the Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica (“Genomics Research Center”). In connection with the Academia Sinica Agreement, we are required to pay Academia Sinica approximately $0.2 million over the term of such agreement.
In July 2009, we entered into a worldwide exclusive license agreement with Academia Sinica for a new technology to develop protein vaccines against influenza and other viral infections. Effective March 5, 2010, the Frost Group assigned two license agreements with Academia Sinica to us. The license agreements pertain to alpha-galactosyl ceramide analogs and their use as immunotherapies and peptide ligands in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. In connection with the assignment of the two licenses, we agreed to reimburse $0.1 million to the Frost Group for the licensing fees previously paid by the Frost Group to Academia Sinica, as well as reimbursement of certain expenses totaling $50 thousand.
Effective September 2009, we entered into an agreement pursuant to which we invested $2.5 million in Cocrystal in exchange for 1,701,723 shares of Cocrystal’s Convertible Series A preferred stock. A group of investors, led by the Frost Group (the “Cocrystal Investors”), previously invested $5.0 million in Cocrystal, and agreed to invest an additional $5 million payable in two equal installments in September 2009 and March 2010. As a result of an amendment to the Cocrystal Investors’ agreements dated June 9, 2009, we, rather than the Cocrystal Investors, made the first installment investment ($2.5 million) on September 21, 2009. Refer to Note 5.
In June 2009, we entered into an agreement to lease approximately 10,000 square feet of space in Hialeah, Florida, to house manufacturing and service operations for our ophthalmic instrumentation business from an entity controlled by Drs. Frost and Hsiao. Effective as of July 1, 2011, the lease was amended to include an additional 5,000 square feet of space at the same rate per square foot then in effect under the lease. Following the amendment, gross rent payable under the lease was $0.2 million per year. Upon the closing of the sale of our instrumentation business to Optos, we assigned the lease to Optos. Refer to Note 6.
In June 2009, we entered into a stock purchase agreement with Sorrento, pursuant to which we invested $2.3 million in Sorrento. Refer to Note 5. In exchange for the investment, we acquired approximately one-third of the outstanding common shares of Sorrento and received a fully-paid, exclusive license to the Sorrento antibody library for the discovery and development of therapeutic antibodies in the field of ophthalmology. On September 21, 2009, Sorrento entered into a merger transaction with Quikbyte Software, Inc. (“Quikbyte”). Prior to the merger transaction, certain investors, including Dr. Frost and other members of our management group, made an investment in Quikbyte. Dr. Lerner serves as a consultant and scientific advisory board member to Sorrento and owns less than one percent of its shares.
In November 2007, we entered into an office lease with Frost Real Estate Holdings, LLC (“Frost Holdings”), an entity affiliated with Dr. Frost. The lease is for approximately 8,300 square feet of space in an office building in Miami, Florida, where the Company’s principal executive offices are located. The lease provides for payments of approximately $18 thousand per month in the first year increasing annually to $24 thousand per month by the fifth year, plus applicable sales tax. The rent is inclusive of operating expenses, property taxes and parking. The rent for the first year was reduced to reflect a $30 thousand credit for the costs of tenant improvements. In August 2012, we entered into a six-month extension on the same terms as the 2007 expiring lease.
We reimburse Dr. Frost for Company-related use by Dr. Frost and our other executives of an airplane owned by a company that is beneficially owned by Dr. Frost. We reimburse Dr. Frost in an amount equal to the cost of a first class airline ticket between the travel cities for each executive, including Dr. Frost, traveling on the airplane for Company-related business. We do not reimburse Dr. Frost for personal use of the airplane by Dr. Frost or any other executive; nor do we pay for any other fixed or variable operating costs of the airplane. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, we reimbursed Dr. Frost approximately $52 thousand and $181 thousand, respectively, for Company-related travel by Dr. Frost and other OPKO executives. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, we reimbursed Dr. Frost approximately $14 thousand and $127 thousand, respectively, for Company-related travel by Dr. Frost and other OPKO executives.
The entire disclosure for related party transactions. Examples of related party transactions include transactions between (a) a parent company and its subsidiary; (b) subsidiaries of a common parent; (c) and entity and its principal owners; and (d) affiliates.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef