Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Acquisitions, Investments and Licenses

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Acquisitions, Investments and Licenses
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2017
Business Combinations [Abstract]  
ACQUISITIONS, INVESTMENTS AND LICENSES
ACQUISITIONS, INVESTMENTS AND LICENSES
Transition Therapeutics acquisition
In August 2016, we completed the acquisition of Transition Therapeutics, a clinical stage biotechnology company. Holders of Transition Therapeutics common stock received 6,431,899 shares of OPKO Common Stock. The transaction was valued at approximately $58.5 million, based on a closing price per share of our Common Stock of $9.10 as reported by NASDAQ on the closing date.
The following table summarizes the preliminary purchase price allocation and the estimated fair value of the net assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition. The purchase price allocation for Transition Therapeutics is preliminary pending completion of the fair value analysis of acquired assets and liabilities:
(In thousands)
 
Transition Therapeutics
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
15,878

IPR&D assets
 
41,000

Goodwill
 
3,453

Other assets
 
634

Accounts payable and other liabilities
 
(1,035
)
Deferred tax liability
 
(1,400
)
Total purchase price
 
$
58,530


Goodwill from the acquisition of Transition Therapeutics principally relates to intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition (for instance, Transition Therapeutics’ assembled workforce) and the deferred tax liability generated as a result of the transaction. Goodwill is not tax deductible for income tax purposes and was assigned to the pharmaceutical reporting segment.
Our IPR&D assets will not be amortized until the underlying development programs are completed. Upon obtaining regulatory approval, the IPR&D assets are then accounted for as finite-lived intangible assets and amortized on a straight-line basis over its estimated useful life.
Investments
The following table reflects the accounting method, carrying value and underlying equity in net assets of our unconsolidated investments as of March 31, 2017:
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
Investment type
 
Investment Carrying Value
 
Underlying Equity in Net Assets
Equity method investments
 
$
29,565

 
$
23,693

Variable interest entity, equity method
 
48

 

Available for sale investments
 
3,992

 
 
Cost method investment
 
608

 
 
Warrants and options
 
3,072

 
 
Total carrying value of investments
 
$
37,285

 
 
Equity Method Investments
Our equity method investments consist of investments in Pharmsynthez (ownership 9%), Cocrystal Pharma, Inc. (“COCP”) (8%), Sevion Therapeutics, Inc. (“Sevion”) (3%), Non-Invasive Monitoring Systems, Inc. (“NIMS”) (1%), Neovasc (4%), VBI Vaccines Inc. (“VBI”) (15%), InCellDx, Inc. (27%), and BioCardia, Inc. (“BioCardia”) (5%). The total assets, liabilities, and net losses of our equity method investees as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2017 were $412.7 million, $(201.5) million, and $(59.5) million, respectively. We have determined that we and/or our related parties can significantly influence the success of our equity method investments through our board representation and/or voting power. Accordingly, we account for our investment in these entities under the equity method and record our proportionate share of their losses in Loss from investments in investees in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. The aggregate value of our equity method investments based on the quoted market price of their common stock and the number of shares held by us as of March 31, 2017 is $37.8 million.
Available for Sale Investments
Our available for sale investments consist of investments in RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation (“RXi”) (ownership 2%), ChromaDex Corporation (2%), MabVax Therapeutics Holdings, Inc. (“MabVax”) (4%), ARNO Therapeutics, Inc. (“ARNO”) (0%) and Xenetic Biosciences, Inc. (“Xenetic”) (4%). We have determined that our ownership, along with that of our related parties, does not provide us with significant influence over the operations of our available for sale investments. Accordingly, we account for our investment in these entities as available for sale, and we record changes in these investments as an unrealized gain or loss in Other comprehensive income (loss) each reporting period.
Sales of Investments
Gains (losses) included in earnings from sales of our investments are recorded in Other income (expense), net in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. We did not have any such activity in the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method.
Warrants and Options
In addition to our equity method investments and available for sale investments, we hold options to purchase 1.0 million additional shares of Neovasc, which are fully vested as of March 31, 2017, options to purchase 5.0 million additional shares of BioCardia, none of which are vested as of March 31, 2017, and 1.0 million, 2.3 million, 0.3 million, 0.7 million, 0.7 million, 0.5 million and 0.2 million of warrants to purchase additional shares of COCP, ARNO, Sevion, MabVax, InCellDx, Inc., Xenetic and RXi, respectively. We recorded the changes in the fair value of the options and warrants in Fair value changes of derivative instruments, net in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. We also recorded the fair value of the options and warrants in Investments, net in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. See further discussion of the Company’s options and warrants in Note 8 and Note 9.
Investments in variable interest entities

We have determined that we hold variable interests in Zebra Biologics, Inc. (“Zebra”). We made this determination as a result of our assessment that Zebra does not have sufficient resources to carry out its principal activities without additional financial support.
We own 1,260,000 shares of Zebra Series A-2 Preferred Stock and 900,000 shares of Zebra restricted common stock (ownership 29% at March 31, 2017). Zebra is a privately held biotechnology company focused on the discovery and development of biosuperior antibody therapeutics and complex drugs. Dr. Richard Lerner, M.D., a member of our Board of Directors, is a founder of Zebra and, along with Dr. Frost, serves as a member of Zebra’s Board of Directors.
In order to determine the primary beneficiary of Zebra, we evaluated our investment and our related parties’ investment, as well as our investment combined with the related party group’s investment to identify if we had the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of Zebra. Based on the capital structure, governing documents and overall business operations of Zebra, we determined that, while a VIE, we do not have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact Zebra’s economic performance and have no obligation to fund expected losses. We did determine, however, that we can significantly influence the success of Zebra through our board representation and voting power. Therefore, we have the ability to exercise significant influence over Zebra’s operations and account for our investment in Zebra under the equity method.
Other
In March 2016, we entered into an agreement with Relative Core pursuant to which we delivered $5.0 million cash to Relative Core in exchange for a $5.0 million promissory note (“Relative Note”) which bears interest at 10% and is due in 2018. The Relative Note is secured by 4,000,000 shares of common stock of Xenetic and 494,462 shares of OPKO common stock. We recorded the Relative Note within Other current assets and prepaid expenses in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.