Related Party Transactions
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2011
|Related Party Transactions [Abstract]|
|Related Party Transactions||
Note 12 Related Party Transactions
On August 17, 2011, we made an investment in Neovasc Inc., a medical technology company. Refer to Note 3. Dr. Frost and other members of OPKO management are shareholders of Neovasc. Prior to the investment, Dr. Frost beneficially owned approximately 36% of Neovasc, Dr. Jane Hsiao owned approximately 6%, and each of Dr. Uppaluri and Mr. Rubin owned less than 1%. Dr. Jane Hsiao and Steven Rubin also serve on the board of directors for Neovasc.
On March 14, 2011, we issued 27,000,000 shares of our common stock. Refer to Note 7. The 27,000,000 shares of our common stock issued include an aggregate of 3,733,000 shares of our common stock purchased by the Gamma Trust and Hsu Gamma at the public offering price. The Gamma Trust purchased an aggregate of 3,200,000 shares for approximately $12.0 million, and Hsu Gamma purchased an aggregate of 533,000 shares for approximately $1.9 million. Jefferies & Company, Inc. and J.P. Morgan Securities LLC acted as joint book-running managers for the offering. UBS Investment Bank and Lazard Capital Markets LLC acted as co-lead managers for the offering and Ladenburg Thalmann & Co. Inc., a subsidiary of Ladenburg Thalmann Financial Services Inc., acted as co-manager for the offering. Dr. Frost is the Chairman of the Board of Directors and principal shareholder of Ladenburg Thalmann Financial Services Inc.
On January 28, 2011, we entered into a definitive agreement with CURNA and each of CURNA’s stockholders and optionholders, pursuant to which we agreed to acquire all of the outstanding stock of CURNA in exchange for $10.0 million in cash, plus $0.6 million in liabilities, of which $0.5 million was paid at closing. At the time of the transaction, The Scripps Research Institute (“TSRI”) owned approximately 4% of CURNA. Dr. Frost serves as Trustee for TSRI and Dr. Richard Lerner, a director of the Company, served as its President until December 2011.
We have an unutilized $12.0 million line of credit with the Frost Group, a related party. On June 2, 2010 we repaid all amounts outstanding on the line of credit including $12.0 million in principal and $4.1 million in interest. The line of credit, which previously expired on January 11, 2011, was renewed on February 22, 2011 until March 31, 2012 on substantially the same terms as in effect at the time of expiration. We have the ability to draw funds under the line of credit until its expiration in March 2012. We are obligated to pay interest upon maturity, capitalized quarterly, on any outstanding borrowings under the line of credit at an 11% annual rate. The line of credit is collateralized by all of our U.S. personal property except our intellectual property.
In November 2010, we made an investment in Fabrus, Inc., a privately held early stage biotechnology company with next generation therapeutic antibody drug discovery and development capabilities. In exchange for the investment, we acquired approximately 13% of Fabrus on a fully diluted basis. Our investment was part of a $2.1 million financing for Fabrus. Other investors participating in the financing include Frost Gamma Investments Trust, of which Phillip Frost is the sole trustee, and Hsu Gamma Investment, L.P., of which Jane Hsiao, the Company’s Vice Chairman and Chief Technical Officer, serves as the general partner. In connection with the financing, Drs. Frost and Hsiao joined the Fabrus Board of Managers. Dr. Richard Lerner, a director of the Company, owns approximately 5% of Fabrus. Vaughn Smider, Founder and CEO of Fabrus, is an Assistant Professor at The Scripps Research Institute (“TSRI”). Dr. Frost serves as a Trustee for TSRI, and Richard Lerner served as its President until December 2011.
On July 20, 2010, we entered into a use agreement for approximately 1,100 square feet of space in Jupiter, Florida to house our molecular diagnostics operations with TSRI. Dr. Frost is a member of the Board of Trustees of TSRI and Dr. Richard Lerner, a member of our Board of Directors, was the President of TSRI until December 2011. Pursuant to the terms of the use agreement, which is effective as of November 1, 2009, gross rent is approximately $40 thousand per year for a two-year term which may be extended, upon mutual agreement, for one additional year. We ceased use of this space in September 2011.
On June 1, 2010, we entered into a cooperative research and development agreement with Academia Sinica in Taipei, Taiwan (“Academia Sinica”), for pre-clinical work for a compound against various forms of cancer. Dr. Alice Yu, a member of our Board of Directors, is a Distinguished Research Fellow and Associate Director at the Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica (“Genomics Research Center”). In connection with the agreement, we are required to pay Academia Sinica approximately $0.2 million over the term of the agreement.
Effective March 5, 2010, the Frost Group assigned two license agreements with Academia Sinica to us. The license agreements pertain to alpha-galactosyl ceramide analogs and their use as immunotherapies and peptide ligands in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. In connection with the assignment of the two licenses, we agreed to reimburse the Frost Group for the licensing fees previously paid by the Frost Group to Academia Sinica in the amounts of $50 thousand and $75 thousand, respectively, as well as reimbursement of certain expenses of $50 thousand.
Effective September 21, 2009, we entered into an agreement pursuant to which we invested $2.5 million in Cocrystal in exchange for 1,701,723 shares of Cocrystal’s Convertible Series A Preferred Stock. A group of investors, led by the Frost Group (the “CoCrystal Investors”), previously invested $5 million in Cocrystal, and agreed to invest an additional $5 million payable in two equal installments in September 2009 and March 2010. As a result of an amendment to the CoCrystal Investors agreements dated June 9, 2009, OPKO, rather than the CoCrystal Investors, made the first installment investment ($2.5 million) on September 21, 2009. Refer to Note 3.
On September 18, 2009, we entered into the Preferred Purchase Agreement with various investors. Refer to Note 7. Included among the investors is the Gamma Trust, Hsu Gamma Investment, L.P, a limited partnership controlled by Jane H. Hsiao and Oracle Partners LP, a limited partnership in which Dr. Frost is a limited partner.
On July 20, 2009, we entered into a worldwide exclusive license agreement with Academia Sinica for a new technology to develop protein vaccines against influenza and other viral infections. Dr. Alice Yu, a member of our Board of Directors, is a Distinguished Research Fellow and Associate Director at the Genomics Research Center.
On June 16, 2009, we entered into an agreement to lease approximately 10,000 square feet of space in Hialeah, Florida to house manufacturing and service operations for our ophthalmic instrumentation business (the “Hialeah Facility”) from an entity controlled by Drs. Frost and Hsiao. Effective as of July 1, 2011, the lease was amended to include an additional 5,000 square feet of space at the same rate per square foot as was then in effect under the lease. Following the amendment, gross rent payable under the lease was $0.2 million per year. Upon the closing of the sale of the Company’s instrumentation business to Optos, the Company assigned the lease to Optos. Refer to Note 4.
On June 10, 2009, we entered into a stock purchase agreement with Sorrento, pursuant to which we invested $2.3 million in Sorrento. Refer to Note 3. In exchange for the investment, we acquired approximately one-third of the outstanding common shares of Sorrento and received a fully-paid, exclusive license to the Sorrento antibody library for the discovery and development of therapeutic antibodies in the field of ophthalmology. On September 21, 2009, Sorrento entered into a merger transaction with Quikbyte Software, Inc. Prior to the merger transaction, certain investors, including Dr. Frost and other members of OPKO management, made an investment in Quikbyte. Dr. Richard Lerner, a member of our Board of Directors, serves as a consultant and scientific advisory board member to Sorrento and owns less than one percent of its shares.
On May 26, 2009, May 29, 2009, and June 1, 2009, we entered into stock purchase agreements with a total of seven accredited investors pursuant to which we agreed to sell an aggregate of 31 million shares of the Company’s common stock in exchange for $31 million. Under the terms of each investment, OPKO issued shares to the investors at a price of $1.00 per share. Refer to Note 7. Oracle Partners, LP and Vector Group Ltd. were among the investors in the transaction and purchased 4 million and 5 million shares of our common stock, respectively. At the time of the investment, Dr. Frost may also be deemed to beneficially own 11.5% of Vector Group Ltd.’s outstanding stock.
On March 4, 2009, the Gamma Trust advanced $3.0 million to us under a Promissory Note we issued to the Gamma Trust, which was repaid in full on April 27, 2009, including interest of $48 thousand. Refer to Note 6.
In March 2009, we paid the $45 thousand filing fee to the Federal Trade Commission in connection with filings made by us and Dr. Frost, under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (“HSR”). The filings permitted Dr. Frost and his affiliates to acquire additional shares of our common stock upon expiration of the HSR waiting period on March 23, 2009.
On February 23, 2009, we entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with the Gamma Trust, of which Dr Frost is the sole trustee. Refer to Note 7.
In November 2007, we entered into an office lease with Frost Real Estate Holdings, LLC, an entity affiliated with Dr. Frost. The lease is for approximately 8,300 square feet of space in an office building in Miami, Florida, where the Company’s principal executive offices are located. We had previously been leasing this space from Frost Real Estate Holdings on a month-to-month basis while the parties were negotiating the lease. The lease provides for payments of approximately $18 thousand per month in the first year increasing annually to $24 thousand per month in the fifth year, plus applicable sales tax. The rent is inclusive of operating expenses, property taxes and parking. The rent for the first year was reduced to reflect a $30 thousand credit for the costs of tenant improvements. From January 1, 2008 through October 1, 2008, we leased an additional 1,100 square feet of general office and laboratory space on a ground floor annex of our corporate office building pursuant to an addendum to the Lease, which required us to pay annual rent of $19 thousand per year for the annex space.
On September 19, 2007, we entered into an exclusive technology license agreement with Winston Laboratories, Inc. (“Winston”). On February 23, 2010, we provided Winston notice of termination of the license agreement, and the agreement terminated on May 24, 2010. Previously, members of the Frost Group beneficially owned approximately 30% of Winston Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and Dr. Uppaluri, our Chief Financial Officer, served as a member of Winston’s board. Effective May 19, 2010, the members of the Frost Group sold 100% of Winston’s capital stock beneficially owned by them (consisting of an aggregate of 18,399,271 outstanding shares of common stock and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 8,958,975 shares of common stock) to an entity whose members include Dr. Joel E. Bernstein, the President and Chief Executive Officer of Winston. As consideration for the sale, the Frost Group members received an aggregate of $789,500 in cash and non-recourse promissory notes in the aggregate principal amount of $10,263,500. Dr. Uppaluri resigned from the Winston board effective May 19, 2010. In connection with the license agreement, we reimbursed Winston $29 thousand, and $3 thousand in the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, for services provided by Winston personnel to assist us with the clinical program for the product we licensed.
We reimburse Dr. Frost for Company-related use by Dr. Frost and our other executives of an airplane owned by a company that is beneficially owned by Dr. Frost. We reimburse Dr. Frost in an amount equal to the cost of a first class airline ticket between the travel cities for each executive, including Dr. Frost, traveling on the airplane for Company-related business. We do not reimburse Dr. Frost for personal use of the airplane by Dr. Frost or any other executive; nor do we pay for any other fixed or variable operating costs of the airplane. For the fiscal years ending December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009, we reimbursed Dr. Frost approximately $170 thousand, $46 thousand, and $92 thousand, respectively, for Company-related travel by Dr. Frost and other OPKO executives.
The entire disclosure for related party transactions, including the nature of the relationship(s), a description of the transactions, the amount of the transactions, the effects of any change in the method of establishing the terms of the transaction from the previous period, stated interest rate, expiration date, terms and manner of settlement per the agreement with the related party, and amounts due to or from related parties. If the entity and one or more other entities are under common ownership or management control and this control affects the operating results or financial position, disclosure includes the nature of the control relationship even if there are no transactions between the entities. Disclosure may also include the aggregate amount of current and deferred tax expense for each statement of earnings presented where the entity is a member of a group that files a consolidated tax return, the amount of any tax related balances due to or from affiliates as of the date of each statement of financial position presented, the principal provisions of the method by which the consolidated amount of current and deferred tax expense is allocated to the members of the group and the nature and effect of any changes in that method. Examples of related party transactions include transactions between (a) a parent company and its subsidiary; (b) subsidiaries of a common parent; (c) and entity and its principal owners; and (d) affiliates.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef