Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2012
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of presentation

Basis of presentation. The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows have been made. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2012, are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations and cash flows that may be reported for the remainder of 2012 or for future periods. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

Reclassifications

Reclassifications. As further discussed in Note 6, the results of operations and the assets and the liabilities related to the instrumentation business have been accounted for as discontinued operations. Accordingly, the results of the operations related to the instrumentation business from prior periods have been reclassified to discontinued operations.

Principles of consolidation

Principles of consolidation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of OPKO Health, Inc. and our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.

Use of estimates

Use of estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents include short-term, interest-bearing instruments with original maturities of 90 days or less at the date of purchase. We also consider all highly liquid investments with original maturities at the date of purchase of 90 days or less as cash equivalents. These investments include money markets, bank deposits, certificates of deposit and U.S. treasury securities.

Marketable securities

Marketable securities. Investments with original maturities of greater than 90 days and remaining maturities of less than one year are classified as marketable securities. Marketable securities include U.S. treasury securities and certificates of deposit. Unrealized gains and temporary losses on investments are included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Realized gains and losses, dividends, interest income, and declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary credit losses are included in Other income and expense, net. Amortization of any premium or discount arising at purchase is included in interest income.

Revenue recognition

Revenue recognition. Generally, we recognize revenue from product sales when goods are shipped and title and risk of loss transfer to our customers. Our estimates for sales returns and allowances are based upon the historical patterns of products returned and allowances taken, matched against the sales from which they originated, and management’s evaluation of specific factors that may increase the risk of product returns.

Other revenue includes revenue related to upfront license payments, license fees and milestone payments received through our license, collaboration and commercialization agreements. We analyze our multiple-element arrangements to determine whether the elements can be separated and accounted for individually as separate units of accounting. In addition, Other revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, includes $0.2 million and $0.4 million, respectively, of revenue related to our consulting agreement with Neovasc Inc. and to revenue related to molecular diagnostics collaboration agreements. Refer to Note 5. We recognize this revenue on a straight-line basis over the contractual term of the agreements.

Non-refundable license fees for the out-license of our technology are recognized depending on the provisions of each agreement. We recognize non-refundable upfront license payments as revenue upon receipt if the license has standalone value and the fair value of our undelivered obligations, if any, can be determined. If the license is considered to have standalone value but the fair value of any of the undelivered items cannot be determined, the license payments are recognized as revenue over the period of our performance for such undelivered items or services. License fees with ongoing involvement or performance obligations are recorded as deferred revenue as an Accrued expense or Other long-term liability once received and generally are recognized ratably over the period of such performance obligation only after both the license period has commenced and we have delivered the technology. The assessment of our obligations and related performance periods requires significant management judgment. If an agreement contains research and development obligations, the relevant time period for the research and development phase is based on management estimates and could vary depending on the outcome of clinical trials and the regulatory approval process. Such changes could materially impact the revenue recognized, and as a result, management reviews the estimates related to the relevant time period of research and development on a quarterly basis.

Revenue from milestone payments related to arrangements under which we have continuing performance obligations are recognized as revenue upon achievement of the milestone only if all of the following conditions are met: the milestone payments are non-refundable; there was substantive uncertainty at the date of entering into the arrangement that the milestone would be achieved; the milestone is commensurate with either the vendor’s performance to achieve the milestone or the enhancement of the value of the delivered item by the vendor; the milestone relates solely to past performance; and the amount of the milestone is reasonable in relation to the effort expended or the risk associated with the achievement of the milestone. If any of these conditions are not met, the milestone payments are not considered to be substantive and are, therefore, deferred and recognized as revenue over the term of the arrangement as we complete our performance obligations.

Total deferred revenue recorded as Accrued expenses and Other long-term liabilities at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 was $1.7 million and $0.9 million, respectively.

Derivative financial instruments

Derivative financial instruments. We record derivative financial instruments on our balance sheet at their fair value and the changes in the fair value are recognized in Other income and expense, net when they occur, the only exception being derivatives that qualify as hedges. To qualify the derivative instrument as a hedge, we are required to meet strict hedge effectiveness and contemporaneous documentation requirements at the initiation of the hedge and assess the hedge effectiveness on an ongoing basis over the life of the hedge. At June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, our forward contracts for inventory purchases did not meet the documentation requirements to be designated as hedges. Accordingly, we recognize all changes in fair values of the forward contracts in Other income and expense, net. Refer to Note 8.

Product warranties

Product warranties. Product warranty expense is recorded concurrently with the recording of revenue for product sales. The costs of warranties are accounted for as a component of cost of sales. We estimate warranty costs based on our estimated historical experience and adjust for any known product reliability issues.

Allowance for doubtful accounts

Allowance for doubtful accounts. We analyze accounts receivable and historical bad debt levels, customer credit worthiness and current economic trends when evaluating the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts using the specific identification method. Our reported net loss is directly affected by our estimate of the collectability of accounts receivable. The amount of allowance for doubtful accounts was $0.3 million and $0.4 million at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

Segment reporting

Segment reporting. Our chief operating decision-maker (“CODM”) is comprised of our executive management team with the oversight of our Board of Directors. Our CODM reviews our operating results and operating plans and make resource allocation decisions on a Company-wide or aggregate basis. We currently manage our operations in one reportable segment, pharmaceuticals. The pharmaceutical segment consists of two operating segments, our (i) pharmaceutical research and development segment which is focused on the research and development of pharmaceutical products, diagnostic tests and vaccines, and (ii) the pharmaceutical operations we acquired in Chile, Mexico and Israel through the acquisition of OPKO Chile S.A. (“OPKO Chile”), Exakta-OPKO S.A. de C.V. (“Exakta-OPKO”) and FineTech Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (“FineTech”), respectively. We evaluate the performance of each operating segment based on operating profit or loss. There is no inter-segment allocation of interest expense and income taxes.

Equity-based compensation

Equity-based compensation. We measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award. That cost is recognized in the statement of operations over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. We record excess tax benefits, realized from the exercise of stock options as a financing cash inflow rather than as a reduction of taxes paid in cash flow from operations. Equity-based compensation arrangements to non-employees are recorded at their fair value on the measurement date. The measurement of equity-based compensation is subject to periodic adjustment as the underlying equity instruments vest. During the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we recorded $1.0 million and $1.9 million, respectively, of equity-based compensation expense. For the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, we recorded $2.2 million and $3.6 million, respectively, of equity-based compensation expense.

Recent accounting pronouncements

Recent accounting pronouncements. On January 1, 2012, we adopted an amendment issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) to the accounting standards related to fair value measurements and disclosure requirements. This amendment revises the existing guidance on the use and application of fair value measurements and maintains a definition of fair value that is based on the notion of exit price. The adoption of this amendment did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

On January 1, 2012, we adopted amendments issued by the FASB to the accounting standards related to the presentation of comprehensive income. These amendments revise the manner in which entities present comprehensive income in their financial statements and remove the option to present items of other comprehensive income in the statement of changes in stockholders’ equity. These amendments require an entity to report components of comprehensive income in either (1) a continuous statement of comprehensive income, or (2) two separate but consecutive statements of net income and other comprehensive income. We modified our condensed consolidated financial statements presentation using the latter alternative.

On January 1, 2012, we adopted revised guidance issued by the FASB related to the testing of goodwill for impairment. Under the revised guidance, an entity has the option to perform a qualitative assessment of whether it is more-likely-than-not that a reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying value prior to performing the two-step quantitative goodwill impairment test. If, based on the qualitative factors, an entity determines that the fair value of the reporting unit is greater than its carrying amount, then the entity would not be required to perform the two-step quantitative impairment test for that reporting unit. However, if the qualitative assessment indicates that it is not more-likely-than-not that the reporting unit’s fair value exceeds its carrying value, then the quantitative assessment must be performed. An entity is permitted to perform the qualitative assessment on none, some or all of its reporting units and may also elect to bypass the qualitative assessment and begin with the quantitative assessment of goodwill impairment. This amendment did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.